Europe Wooden churches built without a single nail
• Europe Wooden churches built without a single nail
Annually in the world there are hundreds of thousands of faceless buildings constructed of concrete and glass. And the more valuable it becomes wooden architecture, especially temples, built by the ancient masters. This review presents the unique European wooden churches built centuries ago.
Church of the Assumption of the Blessed Virgin Mary (Poland)
Church of the Assumption of the Blessed Virgin Mary in Gmina Haczów (southern Poland) is called the oldest and largest wooden Gothic church in Europe. Presumably it was built in 1388. 250 years later it expanded the area and built a 25-meter bell tower. In subsequent centuries the building has been the subject of restoration.
In the church is preserved a unique altar of the Baroque, Gothic sculptures, frescoes of the XV century. All this grandeur has reached our days almost unchanged.
A unique monument of architecture of the ancient masters can be called a wood-frame church (stave) in Borgund (Norway). It was built between 1180-1200 years. In the XII century, Christianity in Scandinavia still in its infancy, so close to the crosses on the walls stave can be found carved runes, images of dragons. For the past 9 centuries wooden church in Borgund does not change its original appearance.
Wooden Churches of Maramures (Romania)
In the north of Romania, is a historical region called Maramures. Its inhabitants for centuries jealously observe customs and traditions. Gem can be called 8 wooden churches that were built in the XVII-XVIII centuries. The isolated location of the Maramures contributed to the preservation of cultural heritage.
The architecture of these buildings was influenced by Byzantine architecture and Western European style. The most valuable in their churches locals find it is very well-preserved mural. The churches of Maramures has so far conducted the service.
Greensted Church (United Kingdom)
Greensted Church (Church of St. Andrew), located in the county of Essex (UK), also referred to as one of the most ancient. Initially it was believed that it was built in the year 845, but recent dendrochronological studies have shown that the building is at least 200 years younger. At the beginning of the XVI century in a wooden structure appeared brick extension, and in the XVII century - the white tower.
On the north side of the church you can find a hole, which is called the "eye for lepers." In the Middle Ages through it we watched the service of leprosy patients.
Gol Stave Church (Norway)
Another Norwegian stave deserves special attention. Initially, the wooden church was located in the Goulet. A hundred years ago it was decided to demolish to make way for new construction. Fortunately, the Norwegian King Oscar II did not allow to destroy the ancient structure. It was moved to the Norwegian Museum of Cultural History as an exhibit. Unusual contours of the wooden church is so popular that all over the world can find a lot of copies of the stave.
Church of the Transfiguration on Kizhi Island (Russia)
Church of the Transfiguration, located in Karelia, is part of the temple complex of Kizhi. It is considered one of the most beautiful monuments of wooden architecture. The height of the church of 37 meters, it is decorated with 22 heads mounted on different tiers. The four-iconostasis in the church, it consists of 102 icons.
The iconostasis in the Church of the Transfiguration.