In Australia, conceived to poison millions of cats
• In Australia, conceived to poison millions of cats
On the Internet you can often find articles zoozaschitnikov, calling for the sterilization of pets - so it is really possible to significantly reduce the number of street animals. However, Australia has decided to go the other way. Recently, the Australian Government announced its intention to destroy two to six million cats in the country, deliberately poisoned them.
This strategy is to reduce the population of street animals was developed in 2015. It is planned to kick off the plane sausages, poisoned with 1080 example of New Zealand. 1080 poison - very strong and very dangerous poison banned in all countries, except New Zealand and Australia, Japan, Korea, Israel and Mexico. However, within countries, its use also causes the debate is. And yet, in this way the same New Zealand struggling with rats and feral cats and dogs that are believed to threaten the population helpless bird kiwi.
In Australia, no kiwi birds, but cats divorced really very much, and they just destroy the local fauna. Until the 1700s, the continent does not have these animals - brought from the sailors on their ships. That is why the local nature is not adapted for such small, but very effective predators - for 300 years, nature has not had time to adapt to this significant change. More than a hundred animals in Australia are on the verge of extinction, and more than 20 of them disappear just because of the large number of cats. It is believed that during the year the Australian cats kill 377 million (!) Of birds and reptiles 649 million.
Since the beginning of the program was already destroyed about 211,000 feral cats, according to this University in Melbourne. However, up to this point cats were shot more often than poisoned. With regular scatter poisoned sausages residential areas of Australia, scientists hope to destroy a large part of the population of feral cats this year.
Of course, this decision caused a terrible controversy both within the country and abroad - large groups of animal protection, including PETA, sent a petition to the Australian government and insist on a more humane solution of the problem - a gradual sterilization of cats. This local scientists respond that sterilization of such a huge number of wild animals is hardly possible, and if you do not make it at the same time - and it's physically impossible - that in these circumstances it is simply ineffective, and the number of population of the cats will not be affected.
There is no agreement and within the Australian Government. For example, several years ago there was a similar situation when the population of kangaroos had become too large, and the government began to consider different scenarios of solving the problem: shooting, catching, followed by euthanasia and poisoning animals. Here is the report of one of the research: "In some parts of Australia used poison to kill wallabies and kangaroos. Currently, there are no sufficiently accurate targeting, humane and safe for the other members of the natural ways of poisoning. " Then, the government refused to use poison.
also remains an open question in targeting - if Australia really is not much of predators and large and not at all, and poisoned sausages scattered other animals are unlikely, it's poison nature through insects - a very real scenario. Died poisoned cats become food ants and worms, which in turn will eat lizards and birds - perhaps the ones that scientists want to protect. And repeated poisoning - a very real scenario. How does it affect the environment in a more extended period of time is less clear.
The poison 1080 chosen for reasons to solve most of these problems. This toxin consists of a mixture of about 30 local plant contains only natural ingredients. He is very effective - requires a very small dosage for killing an animal the size of a cat or dog. Under the action of 1080 disturbed brain work, because of which the animal loses consciousness. After that stop working other organs and the whole body eventually dies. Scientists insist that this poison is the most humane, because the animal does not suffer from being in an unconscious state. Death occurs within 15 minutes after poisoning.
At the same time PETA insists that proper research on the effect of the poison in the long term it is not carried out, and the consequences from the use of such poison can be disastrous.
Meanwhile the debate continues in the country. Meanwhile, one of the Australian states - Queensland, even offering a reward for the scalp of cats, to encourage the local population to destroy these animals.