The most influential women in the history of the world
Women ruler influenced the course of world history, no less than men. They are intrigued, seized power, changed the map of the world. That America was discovered thanks to the support of Isabella of Castile.
1. Catherine II of
When Catherine II, Russia has significantly expanded its territory, entrenched in the Black Sea, Crimea became Russian. After three Polish partitions Russia as "rooted" western lands. German on the Russian throne, Catherine has maintained close contacts with Europe and was in correspondence with the wisest men of his time.
Cleopatra was the last independent ruler of Egypt before the Roman conquest by Julius Caesar and Mark Antony. She still - one of the most popular images in art. All because of the image of the femme fatale, which it certainly was. From Caesar Cleopatra gave birth to a son, Anthony of two sons and a daughter.
English Queen Victoria contemporaries called "the grandmother of Europe" - because of the links with the royal families of Europe. Victoria's reign while dramatically changed both the British and the whole world. The Victorian era - this invention, a technological revolution, gentlemanly.
Despite the image of a quiet, "the family of the monarch," in matters of Victoria was firm policy. Thus, it is believed that the colonial policy of England has exceptionally good. In justification of the Anglo-Boer and Anglo-Afghan wars, she said, "is not in our customs to annex the country, if we do not have and are forced to do it."
4. Elizabeth I
To the English Queen Elizabeth courted even Ivan the Terrible, but the wedding is not reached. No one came. The Queen went down in history as the "Virgin Queen." She herself did not repeat that she is married "for England." Her marriage would change the balance of power in Europe, and she knew it, holding the balance. Even his death, Elizabeth has benefited Britain - declared heir to the Scottish King James VI, she combined the two states. Scotland finally acquired dependence on England.
5. Elizabeth II of
Elizabeth II is often called the woman "with a soft heart and an iron character." During the war, she enrolled in a self-defense units and was the only queen held military service. Today it is the dolgopravyaschy monarch in British history.
6. Jane Gray
Jane Gray could be called the most legendary Queen of England. It is called the "Queen of nine days" - as it is the rule. But despite such a short period of reign in the history of Jane Gray remained. For the persecuted Protestants Mary Jane was a martyr, the first victim of the British Counter-Reformation. When Queen Elizabeth Jane story firmly established in the range of spiritual reading, "high" secular literature and folk tradition.
7. Eugenia Montijo
Legislature European events, the French queen Eugene not only went on secular receptions, but also to influence policy. During the absence of her husband, she actually performed the duties of regent. A devout Catholic, she stuck ultramontane convictions, did not approve of the Risorgimento and the weakening of papal authority. It is believed that Eugene influenced the decision to get involved in her husband's Mexican adventure. She also became an indirect culprit of the Franco-Prussian War.
8. Catherine de Medici
Home trendsetter of the French court, Catherine de Medici became known as the "Black Queen" poisoner, Infanticide and instigator of St. Bartholomew. Despite the terrible reputation of Catherine, in political matters it was very naive. As historians say, Catherine de Medici was not the ruler, and a woman on the throne. Its main weapons were dynastic marriages, none of which, however, was not successful.
9. Isabella of Castile
1492 can be called "the year of Isabella of Castile." This year happened just three landmark events the queen was personally involved: the capture of Granada, which marked the end of the Reconquista, the patronage of Columbus and the discovery of America, as well as the expulsion of Jews and Moors from Spain.
10. Marie Antoinette
Marie Antoinette married the future King, when she was 14 years old. During his reign, it has become a model of "mindless" the monarch, who is spending state money on their own entertainment. That she is credited with the phrase "If they have no bread, let them eat cake!". However, during the capture of the Tuileries revolutionaries, she kept calm.
11. Anna Yaroslavovna
Yaroslavovna Anna, the daughter of Yaroslav the Wise, was a French queen. It is believed that she was brought to France Reims Gospel, which from the XVI century French kings swore, taking Cyrillic for "an angel."
12. Mary Tudor
Mary Tudor was a British princess and queen of the French, however, only 3 months. Marriage to Louis XII was to be the confirmation of the peace treaty between France and England, but the king, who was older than the bride for 34 years, died shortly thereafter, and Mary has made marriage with the Duke of Suffolk, which gave birth to 4 children. Maria hostile to Anne Boleyn, that was the reason for the coldness of Elizabeth I to all the descendants of Mary Tudor.
13. Queen Anne
The Queen Anne was the first monarch of the United Kingdom of Great Britain, which included Scotland and Ireland. She supported the Tories in Parliament, took part in the struggle of the Spanish Succession, thanks to her efforts was signed Utrecht world.
14. Wu Zetian
Wu Zetian ruled China for over forty years, from 665 until his death. She took the male title "Emperor" (Huangdi), and was formally the only woman in the entire four millenniums history of China, has the supreme title.
The period of her reign was marked by a broad expansion of China, in particular the invasion of Central Asia and Korea. In this culture began to flourish in the country, religion, Taoism and Buddhism came under the patronage of the state.
15. Margaret Thatcher
Of course, Margaret Thatcher was not the monarch, but the "Iron Lady," we could not bring in our rating. She has held pro-American, has lobbied the deployment of US missiles in the UK and Europe, activity increased nuclear potential of Great Britain, launched the Falklands War. In words, it has repeatedly stated, that is interested in ending the Cold War, but in fact only aggravated the situation.
16. Anne Boleyn
Anne Boleyn was a femme fatale. She, no less, has forced the King of England to break off relations with the Pope and to become head of the new, the Church of England. His previous marriage to Catherine of Aragon King invalidated. So Anne Boleyn made her - became the wife of Henry VIII and Queen of England.
17. Queen Margot
On the night of the wedding of Margaret and Henry of Navarre broke Bartholomew's Massacre. For many years it has determined the development of events in the royal family, and relations between spouses. Even after her divorce from Henry IV Queen Margot remained a member of the royal family with the title of Queen, and as the last Valois was perceived as the only legitimate heir to the royal house.
By the end of the life of the Empress Dowager Cixi full official title was: Compassionate, Happy, the Beneficent, the Merciful, the Home. Her story is amazing. Being a concubine of the fifth, the lowest rank, she was able to become the Empress of China.
19. Queen Tamara
only ascended to the throne, Tamara immediately ousted rulers abused their power to facilitate the participation of farmers and established inner peace. Following this, the young ruler went to the offensive tactics - she won the part of modern Turkey, Syria, Iran and Persia. Tamara spread Christianity, it was built many temples. After his death, Tamar was canonized Orthodox saints.
20. Queen Min
Queen Min was, according to eyewitnesses, a talented diplomat and tactician. She secretly ruled the country for 20 years instead of her husband, ably supporting the country's balance at the time of "discovery" of the West, not allowing new allies deny Korea's independence. Queen Min changed the policy stance from "pro-Japanese" to "pro-Russian", which was the cause of her death at the hands of Japanese mercenaries.