The most extreme settlements where people live
Since ancient times, people preferred to settle in places located near natural bodies of water. For the construction of the main cities in the selected wide lowlands and the banks of rivers and lakes. But for certain peoples in priority was not so much water, how much the presence of valuable resources or their own safety. They settled in their homes and in areas with difficult climatic conditions and in places where enemies would be difficult to reach. Their home became dense jungle, isolated islands and the coldest and hottest places on the planet. Despite the fact that their descendants have the opportunity to move to a more comfortable life for the part of the world, for some reason people do not want to leave their homes, as well as continuing their ancestors adapted to very extreme conditions for life.
The island of Java, Indonesia
Volcano Merapi is the most active of the 128 volcanoes in Indonesia. Small eruptions occur about 2 times a year, large - every 7 years. The last such eruption occurred in 2010, claimed the lives of 353 people. At the foot of the volcano live approximately 500,000 Indonesians.
La Rinconada, Peru
The city is located in the Andes at an altitude of 5100 m above sea level. This is the highest village on the planet. Move to this extreme area people began because of deposits of gold ore. The city is underdeveloped sewerage system and wastewater treatment, while the population of La Rikonady continues to grow steadily. In 2009 the city's population of about 30 thousand. Man.
With the outside world the place joins the 200-meter-long suspension bridge. All other roads were either destroyed by mountain avalanches or mudflows. Buddhists believe the place sacred ground. Motu population is 10 000 inhabitants.
Cherrapunji - one of the most rainy and humid places on Earth. Average rainfall is 12 000 mm per year. Due to heavy rains, local soils have low fertility. The number of town is just over 10 thousand people.
San Pedro de Atacama, Chile,
The Atacama Desert is the driest desert on Earth. The average annual falls here 10 mm of rainfall. Vegetation, as well as the inhabitants in the desert is extremely small, and in some places it is totally absent. Despite the harsh conditions of the desert is the town of San Pedro de Atacama, in which about 5,000 people.
It is the coldest city in the world. Average annual temperature is -18 6 ° C. According to the 2014 population of 1173 in Verkhoyansk person.
The city is considered the northernmost city in the world. You can reach it only having made the journey first by plane and then by helicopter or boat. For a long time the main inhabitants of this place were the polar bears, musk oxen and seals. In 1925, these lands were the first settlers. At the moment, the city's population is about 500 people.
Tristan da Cunha, United Kingdom
Just as Easter Island and Pitcairn Island, the place is one of the most remote communities in the world. The island of the same name, part of the archipelago in the southern Atlantic Ocean, inhabited. It is not a mammal, and for permanent human habitation is suitable only the northern and north-western parts. In 2008, the island had a population of 264 people.
Pitcairn Island, United Kingdom
Pitcairn located in the South Pacific, composed of 5 islands total area of 47 sq. km. On one of them - Pitcairn - permanently inhabited by people. The first settlers of the island were the rebels of the ship "Bounty" and Tahitian. According to, on a piece of land the size of 4 according to 2014 census, 6 square. km. now live 56 people.
The terrain is considered a settlement with the highest average temperature, as well as one of the most remote places on the planet. In the region there are no roads, and get here is possible only through the caravan routes. The exact number of residents in this unknown region.