Rules seedling on a balcony or windowsill
Sprouting cultivated plants on a window sill or on the balcony before planting in the garden - a reasonable safety net for the future of the crop at a time when the possibility of sharp changes in temperature. That's just sometimes this process ends in failure. Material will talk about how to properly grow the seedlings in a flat and then get on beds noble crop, which will be envied by all neighbors.
1. We can not plant the seeds too close
If you plant the seeds too close together (with a distance of 1-2 cm between them) in the total capacity, the first time most young shoots will not experience discomfort. But the more will grow the seedlings, the more closely it is necessary in such circumstances: the roots grow and intertwine with the roots of accidents sprouts neighbors, resulting in the escape and expires at best stops growing and slow growth, and at worst - are killed. Seedlings are often planted in a single step, without further change in the indoor environment. Following its destination will be the garden. Therefore, make sure that the seed planted among the major vegetable crops was at least 5 centimeters. Otherwise, you will need painstaking swordplay, where the process can damage the roots.
2. Do not put the container directly on the cold windowsill
Do not forget that immediately after the landing of the temperature on the surface of seeds within the soil - at least 10 degrees lower than in the room. Therefore it is best podstelit on the sill additional layer of thermal insulation, which can be anything: oil cloth, all kinds of decorative tablecloths and plastic. A flight of fancy - as in the photo above - are also welcome. During the disconnection of the central heating temperature errors may cause the seedlings that had never see the light. Therefore, at least in the first weeks of life of seeds and seedlings is important to provide them with the lower thermal insulation.
3. Feeding of ash
Do you ever dream about a very effective, but completely free fertilizer? Well, it exists! And it is common ash. If you are reading this article, that with a probability of 95% you have a cottage and garden. And if you have a cottage, then there is a very high probability there are at least located outside the furnace or place where a fire constantly. Thus, you regularly usual ash. After the fire otzhivet his own, in any case should not be attributed ash in the compost pit or local trash can. It must be collected in specially designated buckets or bags. And then how to feed her bedroom young seedlings, and, subsequently, the culture in the beds. Ash is diluted in water, and this solution to water the plants. The result will exceed your expectations!
4. Mandatory dressing "Kornevinom"
This is a penny means (issue price for 5 liters excellent feeding - about 30 Russian rubles) was and remains one of the best stimulants rooting and growth of cultural and houseplants. Watering them very young seedlings can be 1 every 3-4 days. Watering diluted in water kornevinom need root area, ie trickle should be sent directly to the bottom of the stem sprout. For spot watering very small seedlings and faithful entering the root area will uncomplicated homemade device of plastic bottles and tubes for drinking:
To make a homemade funnel for spot watering, you need to be heated in the fire a thick nail, and then make them a hole in the plastic of the bottle stopper. The hole for drinking tube is inserted and then wound need a sufficiently large amount of adhesive tape (30 turns). If too lazy and too little use of adhesive tape, the newly formed leechka when watering will occur.
5. Mandatory aeration of soil
Avid gardeners regularly spud cultures on beds using small hoes or rakes. This is done for the aeration (oxygen supply) of the soil, it is necessary to plant roots receive enough oxygen, which is just as plants need for full breathing, as well as people. If the soil in the containers with planted seedlings are too compacted, the roots of the plants do not get oxygen. As a result, sprout withers or dies. The ideal device for aeration of the soil around the young shoots - plastic skewers for canapes.
6. Before planting the seedlings in the beds need to temper the
If up to migration to the garden beds seedlings will be at room temperature, namely, without transferring the low nocturnal temperatures, the plants may die during the first week in the garden. It is therefore very important that the seedlings are large vegetable crops has passed the hardening process. This means that it must be for some time to leave the outdoors, including the night period. Then sprouts will be ready to move to the beds and form fruit.
7. A very small germs spray irrigation replaces
While the sprouts are still very small, instead of watering is better to spray them with an atomizer. The fact that irrigation compacts the soil, which means someone tiny spines of new plants will be harder to get oxygen. Once you have sprayed the germs, the water will flow down the raznomerno stalks into the soil, thereby forming a uniform process and not traumatic for the kids shoot-watering.
8. Squash, cucumbers and peppers can be qualitatively germinate in the shell
Advantages of seed germination whimsical vegetable crops in the shell - are numerous. Firstly, a lot of in-shell lime, and thus sprouts plants receive a large number of fresh manure: lime reduces the acidity of the soil and improving its structure. Second, the fertilizer will subsequently be absorbed better. It is interesting that for planting in the flower bed you do not have to get rid of the shell, just to fight off a small amount of the shell bottom, under the root. Third, the shell will continue to serve the plant, as the scare of the famous and dangerous for crop pests like cricket.
9. The backlight foil
The screen foil is installed in front of the window in order to sprout, do not tilt synchronously in the direction of light, and the owner would not have to constantly rotate the pots. In addition, it provides additional illumination as well as a mini-greenhouse effect. If possible, it is possible to establish not one but three screen foil, creating a small mirror kingdom for your area with seedlings. This will increase the greenhouse effect and the backlight.
10. Water for irrigation - only room temperature
In no case can not be watered seedlings with water, just drawn from the tap. It is for the plant - too cold! Such a sudden cold shower will be a huge stress to the root system and the plant may even die within days. Water gained in the container for watering should stand at room temperature for 6-7 hours, and even more preferably - days. It should not be watered seedlings distilled water - it is devoid of minerals and valuable properties. Drinking water type Bonaqua - also undesirable.