"Prostrate Demon" Vrubel
• "Prostrate Demon" Vrubel
At the beginning of 1902, it is perhaps one of the most famous paintings of Mikhail Vrubel - "Demon Downcast" - was shown to the public in St. Petersburg at the exhibition "World of Art". Shortly before this event surrounding the artist began to notice the symptoms of a mental disorder. Memories of friends and family allow you to restore chronology last, sorrowful years of the life of Mikhail Vrubel, which even his doctor - a psychiatrist Usoltsev - wrote: "He died grievously ill, but as an artist he was healthy and deep well."
1901 was marked by a major family event - Mikhail Vrubel and his wife Nadezhda Ivanovna son. Couple preparing for this event a lot of fun, they thought that having a baby does not hurt their elegant and high life, they fantasized as a child already go put "Demon" abroad.
The couple waited for a terrible disappointment - the boy was born with a split upper lip is deeply impressed by Mikhail Vrubel. From the moment of its relatives and friends have noticed that the artist is something amiss.
Wrobel paints a portrait of his son, who was named Sava, which gives it the appearance of expression of extreme anxiety, which is probably going through himself.
At the beginning of 1902 painting "Demon Downcast" was shown to the public in St. Petersburg at the exhibition "World of Art". Here's what one of the exhibition recalls the wife's sister Vrubel, Katherine Ge: "Mikhail, despite the fact that the film has already been exposed, every day from early morning rewrote it, and I was horrified to see a change every day. There were days that the "Demon" was very scary, and then again appeared in the Demon's face an expression of deep sadness and a new beauty ... In general, despite his illness, creativity did not leave Vrubel, even seemed to grow, but to live with him has been done is intolerable ".
In March 1902, Mikhail Vrubel was first placed in a private psychiatric hospital. The picture of the illness of the artist dominated ideas of grandeur, there was a period of such a strong field, which for half a year interrupted bye even with the closest people - his wife and sister.
In September of the same year, Vrubel moved to the clinic psychiatrist Serbian, transported in one coat and hat, even without underwear, as saying that he destroyed all his belongings.
In the hospital it went much better, he wrote letters to relatives quite logical, and on doctor's advice again began to paint.
February 18, 1903 Mikhail Vrubel was released from the hospital, but he was very sad, and by April all "unstuck": frequent crying, homesick, said that good for nothing, could not work at all, although he was offered various orders.
May 3, 1903 was a misfortune - Savvochka died, the only child of Vrubel. In the face of this grief Mikhail behaved very bravely, personally engaged in the funeral organization, I tried to support his wife, who was in despair.
After the funeral, his son Vrubel went to his estate near Kiev, where the artist was very nervous, she demanded to be transported to the hospital soon. Someone advised to determine Vrubel in one of Riga's psychiatric clinics.
At this time, the disease has a very different character from megalomania was gone, on the contrary, it was replaced by a full depression. Vrubel was dull and sad, thought of himself as worthless and would lose his life.
In the autumn of the artist's sister carried him from Riga to Moscow. In a Moscow hospital, he began to paint portraits of patients very successful, but his thoughts were confused, Vrubel seemed that the wife and sister are also psychiatric patients.
The drawings made in the clinic, were presented at the exhibition of Moscow artists, they could not see and the shadows of the disease.
In this period Vrubel painted "Six-Winged Seraph", depicting an angel with burning lamps, a very beautiful thing, made burning and bright colors.
By the spring of 1904 the artist was so bad that the doctors and relatives thought that he would not live until the summer, we wanted to take him abroad, but later left the plans. For the summer the Moscow clinic closed, so Serbian psychiatrist advised to put Vrubel in the recently opened near Moscow hospital psychiatrist Usoltseva.
The patients in this hospital lived with the family doctor and enjoyed great freedom.
Moving to the clinic Usoltseva was surprisingly good: Vrubel began to eat (he indulged in food, believing himself unworthy of eating), his mind cleared, he painted, wrote letters to relatives and friends, and in two months so recovered that returned home.
After being discharged from the hospital the artist Vrubel moved to Petersburg, where he led the life of Michael absolutely healthy person: he rented an apartment, spent her electricity and worked very hard.
In this period Vrubel began to write his wonderful "pearl", which is now in the collection of the Tretyakov Gallery in Moscow.
At the beginning of 1905 his wife began to notice Mikhail Vrubel very excited, he became uncooperative, irritable, excessively spending money on a completely unnecessary things. the artist's wife had "checked out" from Moscow psychiatrist Usoltseva, who took Vrubel in a Moscow hospital.
Usoltsev operated on the patient reassuringly. Once in the hospital, Vrubel started to sleep, and insomnia has always been one of the most dangerous symptoms of his illness. Relatives had hoped that this time the disease will not be long, alas, but they were wrong - the excitement once again gave way to depression.
Despite his illness, Vrubel did not cease to work: he painted a portrait of the whole family Usoltseva, many patients and a poet Bryusov, who was visiting the artist.
Bruce left a very interesting memories of his first meeting with Mikhail Vrubel, held at the clinic Usoltseva: "To tell the truth, I was horrified to see Vrubel. It was a frail, sick man in dirty rumpled shirt. He had a ruddy face; eyes - like a bird of prey; spiky hair instead of a beard. First impression: crazy! After the usual greetings, he asked me: "It's you I have to write about?" And he began to treat me in a special way, in artistically, intently, almost pathetically. At once his expression changed. peeped genius "through the madness.
When Vrubel wrote Bryusov surrounding began to notice that he is something strange with the eyes, the artist was forced to approach very close to see the model. New suffering came with alarming rapidity, having finished a portrait Bryusov, Vrubel did not see much of his work.
Mikhail Vrubel realized the full horror of his situation, the artist, whom the world was incredibly beautiful - now almost blind ... He began to refuse food, saying that if he is starving 10 years, then begin to see clearly and figure it will be extremely good.
The poor artist is now ashamed of friends, he said: "Why would they want to come, I did not see them."
The outside world is less contact with Mikhail Vrubel. Despite all the efforts of his sister and his wife, who regularly visited the artist, he was immersed in a world of their own dreams: telling something like fairy tales, that he will be the eyes of emerald that he created all his work during the time of the ancient world and the Renaissance.
The last year of life Vrubel insistently refused the meat, saying he did not want to eat "uboiny", so he began to serve vegetarian table. Forces gradually left the artist, sometimes it is said that "tired of living".
Sitting in the garden in its last summer, he once said: "The sparrows chirp me - almost alive, almost alive." The overall appearance of the patient becomes like a subtle, spiritual.
Vrubel came to an end with complete peace of mind. When he has an inflammation of the lungs, transformed then into galloping consumption, he took it in stride. On the last day of your conscious, before the agony, Vrubel carefully brought myself up (he combed his hair, bathed with eau de cologne), fervently kissed the hand of his wife and sister and did not talk anymore.
Only at night, briefly regained consciousness, the artist said, referring to the man who took care of him: "Nicholas, I have a pretty lie here - go to the Academy." These words had some premonition of dying prophetic: after a day Vrubel in the coffin was solemnly brought to the Academy of Fine Arts - his alma mater.
to finish the story I want to Usoltseva words psychiatrist who like nobody else appreciated by Mikhail Vrubel, understanding the complexity of the genius of his personality: "We often hear that creativity Vrubel - sore creation. I have long and carefully studied Vrubel, and I believe that his work is not only perfectly normal, but it is so powerful and strong that even a terrible disease could not destroy it. Creativity was based, in the very essence of his mental personality, and when he reached the end, the disease has destroyed him ... He died gravely ill, but as an artist he was healthy and deep well. " The material was prepared with the support of the Center for the promotion and development of creativity of people with mental illness, Daria Evseeva evseeva-centre.ru