Rating the most amazing gems
• Rating of the most amazing gems
Gemstones - the most coveted jewelry for women and men of all ages and nations. From time immemorial, people adorned themselves with these minerals, charmed by their color and shine. In ancient times gems served as amulets and talismans. Then they began to actively use in the manufacture of jewelry, they also decorated the clothes, household items and weapons. To date, the gems are not only a luxury, but a tasty target for capital investment.
9th place. Pearls - a mineral that forms in the body of mollusks. Valued as a gemstone. Divided into marine and freshwater pearls. Deposits: Red Sea, the Persian Gulf, China, Russia, USA, Japan.
8th place. Ruby - red mineral. Deposits: Kenya, Myanmar, Thailand, Tanzania, Sri Lanka.
7 place. Emerald - a mineral from yellow-green to blue-green hues. Deposits: Austria, Brazil, Zambia, Ireland, Egypt, Canada, Colombia, Madagascar, Norway, Russia, Tanzania, Somalia, USA.
6 place. Sapphire - minerals blue. There are also yellow, green, pink and orange hues. Deposits: Australia, Vietnam, India, China, Myanmar, Thailand and the United States.
5 th place. Red beryl, or Bixby - a very rare variety of beryl. It is produced only in the US states of Utah and New Mexico.
4th place. Benitoite - a rare mineral blue or greenish-blue hue. Location: San Benito (California) and Japan.
3 rd place. Opal - mineraloid which are peculiar opalescence. 97% of the world production comes from Australia. Precious opal is also mined in Brazil, Honduras, Guatemala, Mexico, the USA and Japan.
2 nd place. Tanzanite - mineral blue and yellow-brown. It is produced only in the north of Tanzania (Arusha province).
1 place. Diamond - the most expensive mineral in the world. Treated stones - diamonds - valued at the system "4C" (cut, clarity, color and weight in carats). Deposits: Angola, Australia, Botswana, Canada, Russia and South Africa.
Diamond (Yellow Tiffany Diamond).