The most beautiful car in the world
• The most beautiful car in the world
Oil liter per 100 kilometers, almost no ventilation of interior, uncomfortable seats, the tightness in the legs and faintly glowing lights did not stop buyers. Stunning looks and exciting dynamics forgave all. Who lined up, they did not care for these minor flaws.
I was lucky, I was not only touched the legend, but also saw its successor.
About Jaguar E-Type dreamed everything. He instantly became as much a symbol of the sixties, like the Beatles or a mini-skirt. Car falls in love with himself at first glance, it is not surprising that they owned the most famous people of the time.
Even Enzo Ferrari, did not like English cars, called the E-Type the most beautiful car in the world.
Speaking about the creation of E-Type, it is impossible to do without mentioning the accident on the race "24 Hours of Le Mans" in 1955. While our usual safety standards at sports events does not exist. The track remained unchanged 30 years, and the speed of cars in that time has grown from one hundred to three hundred kilometers per hour. Killed a lot of viewers.
D-Type, the predecessor E-type, then finished the first, but this victory did not need anyone. Owner William Lyons Jaguar disbanded his factory team. A Mercedes-Benz withdrew from avtosostyazaniyah 30 years. Across Europe, a ban on motor racing. In Switzerland, such a law is still in effect.
Victory at race tracks have always been the best advertisement of serial Jaguar models. In revolutionary for the time D-type has been invested much effort and money that Sir William could not retreat. Among the shops had a lot of racing "deshek" varying degrees of readiness. Lions decided to offer racing D-type ordinary buyers. The idea fails, the car is like four Chevrolet Corvette, manages to sell only 43 cars. William Lyons and does not give D-Type reworks in superpenalties glamor. Acquires car passenger seat, complete with windshield wipers and light tent. The motor is left unchanged. 250-hp engine clocked cars to stunning 260 km / h. The model is called the Jaguar-XKSS.
But a terrible fire in the factory in the Jaguar Browns Lane destroys all the plans. It destroyed many ready XKSS and accessories. We managed to sell only 16 cars.
William Lyons decides not to renew the production model and begins to create a brand new car, using the accumulated experience of the race.
The project made Jaguar's chief designer Malcolm Sayer. Former aviation engineer Bristol Aeroplane Company, which published combat aircraft, did not like being called a designer, considering himself primarily a specialist in aerodynamics. The first prototype appeared in late 1957 under the symbol E1A (E-type 1 Aluminium). Ball monocoque aluminum, 3, 8-liter "six" and revolutionary rear suspension.
I used dependent rear suspension, but the growth rate is less suited pilots even on the race car to this Jaguar. Lyons was sure to create a new design in less than a month is not possible, then an engineer Bob Knight on a bet five pounds has developed a new rear suspension for just 27 days. The design was so successful that, with the changes lasted for Jaguar cars to the 1990s.
E1A concept like William Lyons, and soon had a second prototype, over close to the production model. Jaguar E2A, equipped with high-powered 3-liter engine with fuel injection system.
On the basis of it was created by Jaguar E-Type.
The Geneva Motor Show in 1961 turned into a show car - Jaguar E-type charmed absolutely everyone. Success predpokaza for journalists was so stunning that Lions asked Norman Dewes, chief test Jaguars, per night Imported from England, the second of the available at that time copies of the car.
1000 miles from Coventry to Geneva Norman has done little more than 11 hours! When asked how he did it, answers simply: "Well, the radar in those days was not ..." Now he is 90, he's in the photo.
Jaguar took the soul of everybody, to carve out a separate piece or element of E-type is not possible. In fact a new sports car and was a variation on the racing D-type, only slightly brushed and refined. But a surprising combination of aerodynamic and muscular forms of ideal proportions create an unforgettable image. "Eshka" like a Hollywood beauty, fall in love at first sight.
Advanced rear independent suspension and disc brakes at that time were rare, and 3, 8-liter engine gave out 265 liters. with that provided astounding machine dynamics - 6, 9 seconds to one hundred and 241 km / h maximum speed. In all of this E-type with its stunning looks and exciting dynamics and handling cost is relatively inexpensive.
Demand for the new product from Coventry significantly oversubscribed - the company had not even spend money on advertising. And most importantly, to the great joy of William Lyons, the success of E-type locomotive pulled a sale other models.
The client comes to showrooms to take a look at the unearthly beauty "eshku", but learning how to wait, compromised and chose other Jaguar of the available stock.
E-Type was the first affordable supercar and remained this automotive icon for 14 years in sales. During this time he got a new engine, automatic transmission and even the extended version with additional children's row of seats.
There were sold more than 70,000 copies, making the E-Type sports car serial number one in Europe. A half-century later, there was a successor of the most popular sports car
which was named F-TYPE