10 places on the planet where you can meet amazing animals
In order to face to face with a giant whale sharks, watch the sea devil flight or to witness the legendary deep-sea nautilus, it is necessary to go to a diving safari - a trip on a yacht, take 2 to 14 days, where everything is free from sea voyages, eating and sleeping time is dedicated to scuba diving. As a rule, safariynyh ships are designed for 8-18 people, equipped with everything necessary for the implementation of several dives a day (Diving equipment, wetsuits, masks, fins, tanks and weights) and are always accompanied by a number of dive instructors and local guides, whose services are included in the tour cost.
Throughout the route the ship operates Wi-Fi, cellular, and satellite communications. Each yacht always has its own cook, and travel itinerary may change depending on changes in weather conditions. During diving safari is carried out from 2 to 6 dives daily including night, often one or more days are reserved for relaxing on the beach or visiting places of interest, located on the land.
Where: Cocos Island (Costa Rica)
Season: June to September
Price: $ 4495 per person
Duration: 10 days
Cocos Islands are located in the eastern part of the Pacific Ocean, 550 kilometers off the coast of Costa Rica. This is a national park, and his visit is only available for safariynyh ships that depart from the port of Puntarenas. Voyage takes about 36 hours.
The best places to meet hammerhead shark are bay Bajo Alcone, Dirty Rock and Punta Maria. Hammerhead shark - a predator is not aggressive to humans generally safe, but immersion in the habitat of large hammerhead shark (the amount of which sometimes reaches 9 meters) should be cautious. Hammerhead shark uses fantastic shape of his head like a hunting weapon: the eyes, on both sides, "the hammer", allow it to significantly increase the visual overview. In addition, the entire length of her head are the sensors by means of which is determined by the location of the victim, even if that buried in the sand. Favorite food this akuly- rays. His broad head, she presses the slope to the bottom of the wings, depriving him of the ability to move. Dive with schools of hammerhead sharks - fun for advanced divers with dive experience in complex flows, and at great depths.
The whale shark
Where: South Ari Atoll (Maldives)
Season: from May to December
Price: € 3100-3800C person
Duration: 10 days
Maldives - is stretched to the south a double chain of 1192 islands and 26 atolls. Each atoll is surrounded by a small lagoon, connected to the ocean by channels and straits with underwater currents. Maldives were formed by ancient volcanoes, have settled under water millions of years ago, so virtually all of the dive sites of the Maldives have a characteristic shape of a broad volcanic craters filled with water. On the reefs of the Maldives is home to about 26 species of sharks, whale can be found here throughout the year, but the best season is from May to December.
The whale shark - the largest fish of the Earth (the average size of the individual - 12-14 meters, large reach 18-20 meters), but despite enormous, even intimidating size, the whale shark is not a predator - it feeds on plankton, filtering the water through gill slits (as and whales, thanks to which it gets its name). Whale sharks migrate constantly followed on plankton and is usually held close to the surface, so sometimes, in order to see them, just enough to dive with a mask.
great white shark
Where: Bay Gansbaai (South Africa)
Season: May to August
Price: $ 3495C person
Duration: 7 days
White shark - the largest of the existing underwater predators, its size can be up to 7 meters, and weight often more than 3 tonnes. To date, the population of great white sharks is about 3500 individuals. One of the rare places of permanent habitation flock of white sharks - Gansbaai bay on the southern coast of South Africa near Cape Town. The bay is a rookery of sea lions - they attract marine predators, including white sharks. The summer months are considered to be the best time for diving because the seals spend much time on the beach, why sharks are hungry and will respond to bait boats. Great White Shark - one of the few species of sharks that represent a real danger to humans, so dipping them are held in a cage. immersing algorithm flock great whites such: small, equipped with a winch and powerful motors to lift cage boat anchors intention to rookery seals, the water descends mesh with the bait and after appearing shark - cell with two divers in wetsuits and weight belt. In the cell, there is always a slot for the camera, which is extremely dangerous to put out anything other than the lens.
The marine iguana
Where: Island Fernandina (Galapagos)
Season: from June to November
Price: $ 5995C person
Duration: 7 days
Owned by Ecuador Galapagos archipelago - a group of 29 islands and 42 single rock in the Pacific Ocean, located 1100 kilometers west of the coast of Ecuador. All the islands of the Galapagos Archipelago are of volcanic origin, the archipelago stretches from north to south - 300 km, the total area - 8000 square meters. km. In 1986, the Galapagos Islands were declared a national natural park. Fernandina Island - the most western island and relatively young in geological terms, the last eruption of the volcano which occurred in 2009. Here is the largest colony of Galapagos marine iguanas, the world's largest aquatic lizards. The average weight of each of them is about 12 kg, length - about one and a half meters. Marine iguanas head adorned with a large crest, and on the scales over the entire body is a large number of nodules and tubercles, which gives them a very primitive and menacing. But in spite of the harsh appearance, marine iguanas - peaceful and phlegmatic animals that feed exclusively on plant food and do not pose any danger to humans. On the surface, marine iguanas are somewhat clumsy and under water become fast and graceful - they can dive to a depth of 5 meters and hold their breath for almost an hour because their bodies can adjust the oxygen supply only to the vital organs.
Where: Komodo Island (Indonesia)
Season: May to November
Price: € 3100-5250 per person
Duration: 7-14 days
Indonesia - the largest archipelago in the world with a rich underwater world. At the end of the 90s near the coast of Sulawesi - one of the islands of Indonesia - was discovered and isolated in a separate kind of octopus simulator, a small animal (30-50 cm) size, able to adjust its shape, color, and even the movement under other underwater inhabitants.
Deciding whom to pretend to be in the next minute, octopus simulator takes an instant, depending on the danger that may threaten him, or of the victim, which he aimed at hunting. To become invisible, it takes the color and shape of the bottom of flounder to scare small predators - rastopyrivat tentacles and painted bright spots as poisonous lionfish. All in the arsenal of an octopus-simulator about 15 different roles - from the slope and terraced sea snake to shrimp or crab. Human octopus simulator perceived as a major and dangerous creature, and at a meeting with divers trying to merge with the surrounding landscape - so notice it is not easy.
The gray whale
Where: Baja California (Mexico)
Season: January to March
Price on request
Duration: 9 days
Gray whales - the most ancient form of baleen whales, they feed on benthic organisms in shallow water and feed only during the five warmest months, when the sea is ice-free, and the rest of the year live at the expense of the accumulated reserves of fat. Twice a year they make the migration from places of wintering and breeding in the North Sea, to the feeding grounds and back. Baja California - a peninsula in the southern part of the Pacific coast of the United States, on the one side by the Pacific Ocean, and on the other hand - the Sea of Cortez (Gulf of California). Gray whales migrate to the west coast of the Bering Sea and North Pacific to breeding - in the vicinity of Baja California has three lagoons where gray whales swim up the pack, led by pregnant females. Lagoons are marine parks, protected by the state, so whale watching is necessary to obtain special permission and only use boats with a qualified guide.
Where: Palau (Micronesia)
Season: all year round
Price: € 2550-4500 per person per night
Duration: 6-10 days
Palau - a small island nation in the Pacific Ocean, located at 7 degrees north latitude, 800 kilometers east of the Philippines and north of Indonesia. One of the two inhabited islands of Palau - Koror, where there is the eponymous town with one street and a population of 12 000 people. The population of Palau - about 21 000 people. Virtually uninhabited and devoid of the island's beaches attract divers from all over the world its underwater diversity. The uniqueness of the place and the abundance of large fish species due to the large number of strong currents surrounding the archipelago. Currents bring in Palau plankton and nutrients, and behind them, here swim sharks, tuna, barracuda, turtles, Huge shishkolobye fish-parrots and hundreds of species of tropical fish. Palau is located about 40 dive sites with the currents, vertical walls and a lot of wrecks from World War II.
The dive site called Short Drop Off - one of the few places in the world where you can see their Glami Palau Nautilus - ancient cephalopod that lives at a depth of 150-200 meters. Meeting with Nautilus - the event to which the guides are prepared in advance: the day before the dive, they lowered the cage with bait at a depth of Nautilus habitat, and in the morning raised it almost to the surface (8-12 meters). After divers to see it and take pictures of mollusc, guides them down to 30-35 meters, and only then released, so as not to harm the multi-structured body.
Where: Canal La Boca (Cuba)
Season: November to February
Price: $ 2,500 per person
Duration: 11 days
Bull or roundnose shark - the most dangerous for the human sea predator, which account for the largest number of victims. Despite a bloody reputation, off the coast of Cuba organized extreme dive with bull sharks in their natural environment. These adrenaline show lasting 45 minutes, are held by a large coral reef in the channel of La Boca in the north-east coast of Cuba. Divers will start with a special platform, one by one falling on a vertical wall to a depth of 25 meters, to the sunken in the early twentieth Spanish ships. Once each member of the dive will take its place at his sides, the instructor starts luring sharks, cutting captured with a fish. Sharks appear almost immediately after blood is dissolved in water, and begin to describe circles around the instructor, they gradually narrowing until the hungriest not snatch the first fish right out of his hand and did not sail to the side to make room for the next.
The main rule for the audience, watching the three-meter feeding predators - not to make any sudden movements and do not try to change the position, even if the shark swims up close, trying to see the person closer. After the end of feeding sharks continue to circle around without attempting to pursue to feed their instructor and diver rises to the surface. Usually feeding participates from 5 to 15 sharks.
A giant sea devil (Manta)
Where: Hawaii, Big Island
Season: all year round
Duration: 7 days
Price: $ 2835C person
Observation of the manta rays - a miracle, in which it is impossible to believe just because of these amazing animals can not swim and float in the water, gently and slowly flapping wings, the size of which sometimes reaches 7 meters. Hawaii practiced night diving with manta rays - a group of divers with flashlights immersed in a certain place, sinking to the bottom and form a circle of light that attracts plankton. Following the plankton will soon appear mantle. Sea Devils are absolutely safe for human (you need only follow the order not to fall under the impact of non-small wings), while the man is not at all safe for them - divers is strictly forbidden to touch the mantas, so as not to damage the protective mucous layer on their delicate skin .
Mola Mola (Ocean sunfish)
Where: Island of Nusa Penida (Indonesia)
Season: August to October
Price: $ 515C person
Duration: 4 days
Mola Mola also known as fish-sun and moon fish. This is the biggest fish bone - the length between its fins is about 2 to 5 meters, and the average weight - 1000 kg. Most of his life Mola Mola holds at a depth of 200 meters and rises closer to the surface rarely, in certain places - only to small fish gnawed her skin parasites. One of the rare places where the meeting with the Mola Mola - Bay Crystal Bay near the island of Nusa Penida in the south-east of Bali.
Nusa Penida - the largest of the three lying off the east coast of Bali with an almost undeveloped infrastructure and preserve tropical birds. From August to the end of October Mola Mola, living in the deep cool waters, together with the cold currents here rises to the available depth for divers.