The most interesting facts about archery in the history of mankind
Presumably, all of your current knowledge of archery limited to rollers with Lars Anderson and scenes with Legolas from Lord of the Rings extended editions. Therefore, we decided to expand your horizons and make a list of the ten most amazing and proven historical facts about archery.
Mongolian archers hit the target much better than modern shooters
and the entire history of mankind little public respect soldiers on the battlefield just as much as the Mongols. What was in them so dangerous? The fact that the fight against them is not there a safe distance from where in you might not get there. Many sources claim that Mongolian archers were able to hit targets at a distance of 500 meters. For comparison, the guns which armed US soldiers, have maximum lethal range within 600 meters, and to make sure to hit the target, you will need half the distance. In other words, at a distance of 400 meters Mongolian archer was far more dangerous than the current US Marine.
The English archers had powerful skeletons
English longbow has long been surrounded by myths and legends that are so strongly intertwined with the reality that they are sometimes difficult to distinguish from each other. One legend says that the English archer was able to get into the crotch of the man from a distance of 450 meters or penetrate through plate armor. It sounds even more scary, considering the fact that this legend is the truth. Handed down from ancient times longbows were exposed to a lot of experience and research, and it was determined that for the full string tension required to make an effort equivalent to 150 kilos, which is almost three times greater than the force required for the string tension in modern bows. This fact does not only mean that such bows were capable of striking targets at a range of incredible, but the fact that people who shoot from them, possessed a truly superhuman strength. The skeletons of archers can be easily distinguished from the crowd: their right hand is almost always guaranteed to be larger than the left, and her bone was almost 50% more dense because of the constant shooting sessions.
King Amenhetep II and copper plates
The king Amenhotep II is remarkable from two points: first, his name is very similar to the bad guy of the movie "The Mummy", well and secondly, in his youth he was recognized athlete. According to historical artefacts, which have reached us since the days of antiquity, Amenhotep was an excellent runner, wrestler, and, of course, was fond of archery. According to legend, Amenhotep ordered to create a bow whose string could only pull himself. So it was anyway, we do not know, but we know the evidence, stating that Amenhotep had enough power and accuracy to penetrate through the boom thick copper plate. Legend has it that Amenhotep was able to do this shot four times while in the back of a moving chariot. Other sources say that he did it by just standing on the ground. One way or another, but Amenhotep had serious physical abilities to the Egyptian Pharaoh.
Nasu no Yoichi and his shot from the bow of
Nasu no Yoichi - a legendary figure in Japanese history. Almost every story about it is accompanied by at least three different examples of his skill in dealing with bows. One of the most famous stories tells of how he shot down a fan from a distance of several hundred meters of superior orders. This story took place during the Battle of Yasimi when the commander Nasu tracked enemy ship with a huge fan attached to the top of the mast, which was supposed to serve as a talisman and reflect enemy arrows. Annoyed by such boldness, the commander ordered Nasu approach the shore and bring down the fan. Despite the considerable distance and strong wind, Nasu was able to bring down the fan first boom.
Archers Demosthenes forced the Spartans to surrender
The Spartans were known as one of the most fearsome and deadly nations in the world. Their secret was that they were not afraid of death, death on the battlefield was considered a great honor. In addition, they could not get to give up because it was considered a disgrace. Nevertheless, Demosthenes succeeded. Demosthenes had a historic feat in the battle on the island Sphacteria, located a few kilometers from Sparta. Demosthenes felt that the island can be an excellent strategic strengthening. All he needed to carry out their plans, was to kill three hundred Spartans who defended the island. Demosthenes attempted to fight off the island by sending troops, which consisted entirely of archers and spearmen. And, contrary to expectations, he managed to win over the Spartans. Demosthenes gave a chance to surrender hundred Spartans, surrounded by his army. Realizing that giving up, they will perish pierced by arrows, they agreed. It was the first time in history, when the Spartan war were captured alive.
Lu Bu battle stopped with the help of only one arrow
Lu Bu - a well-known and almost mythological figure in Chinese history. Many considered him the owner of incredible physical strength. One of the closest to the reality of deeds attributed to him, was that he was able to stop the fight, only to demonstrate their skills. Lu attended the meeting of the two generals, who were going to knock their heads together army. Suddenly he had an idea. He ordered the approximate thrust halberd a few hundred meters from the camp and addressed to the generals with the following words: "If I get an arrow at the tip of the halberd, you stop the war. If not - get ready for a battle. " Not believing that this is at all possible, the generals agreed. Even without aiming, Lu Bu pierced through the tip of the halberd. Impressed by his skill and frightened, the generals decided to fulfill his promise.
Minamoto no Tametomo managed to sink the ship Bow
As Nasu no Yoichi, Minamoto no Tametomo was a significant figure in Japanese history, famous thanks to the skill of the archer. Unlike Yoichi, who was a humble man a small build, Tametomo spent most of his time as he pleases, and has large forms. Quite by accident, he found himself on an island, and when the state required him to pay tax for the use of the island, he refused, arguing the fact that the island was his property. It was decided to send to the island a small fleet to intimidate him and make him pay. Seeing the ship Tametomo decided to respond to this act of aggression and the release of the ship in the direction of a huge boom. Arrow instead serve as a warning signal and to fly over the ship, he has broken one of the ship's sides. Hole was so huge that the ship began to sink. Others, seeing what he had done with just one shot, we decided to leave it alone and get away from this place.
Yue Fei was able to pierce nine bullseye, ranked
One of the most popular exploits attributed to Yue Fei (Chinese general of the 12th century), is the one when he was able to pierce nine bullseye row with a distance of 73 meters. And though it may not seem so impressive, as many other things on our list, we decided to make it, because of the universality of Yue Fei. Besides the fact that Yue Fei was a great archer, capable of hitting targets the size of a coin, he was also a peerless boxer and martial artist. He inspired so great fear that his opponents often ran away from the field in the heat of battle and later swore loyalty to him.
Finn, archer, who was in the bow of another archer
We know little about the archer named Finn, except for the fact that he was able to do one of the most outlandish stunts in history, knocking the bow out of the hands of another archer. This event took place during the Battle of Svoldera, the famous sea battle between the Norwegian King Olaf Tryggvason and his enemies. During the battle, the king said that Earl Eirik, one of the leaders of the enemy swims in their vicinity. Deciding to take a chance and turn the outcome of the battle in their favor, the king ordered the best archer try to kill Erik. Archer fired two arrows, but, unfortunately, the two flew past. However, the second was close enough that Eirik realized where shot him. While the archer preparing to release a third arrow, Eirik ordered his best archer named Finn shot back. Finn carried out the order, breaking and broken the bow of the royal hand.
Chepe, an archer shot the favorite horse of Genghis Khan
Chepe was among the best archers in the world. In addition, he was considered one of the best and most loyal generals of Genghis Khan, which is surprising, because in their first meeting Jebe shot the beloved horse of Genghis Khan in the head. The story goes that during a fight with a rival tribe in 1201, warrior, known as Zurgaday, killed the horse on which rode Genghis Khan. After the battle of Genghis Khan in a rage began to look to the soldier who shot an arrow. To his surprise, Zurgaday himself came forward and confessed to the crime. Rather than execute him on the spot, Khan decided to reward the bravery Zurgadaya and made it one of his generals. In memory of this event gave him the new name of "Chepe," which means "arrow".