As the Russian people have changed in a hundred years
The Russian people is not that they were at the beginning of the XX century. If we just look at pictures of different periods, this can not be overlooked. We decided to find out what had happened, and as the Russian people have changed over the past century.
These kinds of people
If we look at the photos of our fellow countrymen, and even the beginning of the mid XX century, it did not fail to notice that the modern Russian are very different from their predecessors. There is a difference in height, and weight, even in the movements and facial expressions.
The differences really are. And not only in Russian. Anthropometric measures of the people - is not a constant. At the height, weight, shape, and even plastic can influence and power, and the political system and economic stability, and epidemics. Serious impact on the population anthropometric indicators have war.
We will not go deep into history. In addition, data, such as the average Russian growth until the middle of the XX century are not of a systemic nature. Although, something we still know. Historical and anthropological reconstruction Denis Pezhemskii, which was carried out on the basis of archeological excavations showed that in XVI-XVII centuries, the growth of male Novgorod capita was 165 cm and women -. 151 cm According to written sources analyzed in the study, Boris Mironov, the average growth of Russian recruits beginning of the XVIII century, reaching 165 cm. That is, before the Russian people have been shorter. The same conclusion can be reached, if you look at the Warriors armor in any museum.
What determines the height and weight?
From what does the average population growth? The main factor may be considered economic stability of society, which in the old days directly correlated with productivity. If you simplify, it is the generation whose childhood, and most importantly - will be higher anthropometric first year of life came at a good time. For human growth the first year of life can be considered critical, it is much more important than, for example, the twentieth year, as it was in the first year there is the addition of the largest growth. According to anthropologist Boris Mironov, height depends on the net difference between the energy consumption of the food and energy expended on the need for life. We can say that the increase reflects the history of pure consumption.
Mironov binds changes of anthropometric indices with satisfaction the so-called basic human needs (food, clothing, medical care and so on). The final average height of a man just depends on the degree of satisfaction of basic values. The better meet these needs, the higher will be the average height of people.
How could I Russian in the past century?
In general, it can be argued that almost throughout the XX century Russian became higher. Sociologists attribute this to global changes of acceleration. However, in the early 1980s in most of the urban population of the USSR groups of acceleration process began to fade. By the beginning of the 1990s in Moscow children and increase the length of the body weight, as well as the girth of the chest, almost stopped, and then gave way to decline.
The most extensive study of anthropometric data of the Russian population was conducted in 1974 at Moscow State University. According to the results it is evident that during the XX century the average growth of the population gradually increased, but there were short-term and "downs", associated primarily with the period of collectivization and the deterioration of living conditions. In 42 years, from 1916 to 1957, 23 times the length of the body is reduced compared with the previous year and increased 19 times, and weight - respectively 24 and 18 times. In all the graphs that anthropologists cited as the results of the work, it is clear that the most serious "jump" in the growth started in the post-war period, in the late 1940s. In 1960-1970 years the average height of men in the Soviet Union was 168 cm, women -. 157 cm in 1950-1980 in the post-war generation of acceleration processes have become more prominent. In the 20 ethnic groups in the Soviet Union, including in Russian, Belarusians, Ukrainians, Tatars and Bashkirs average growth increased by almost 3 cm. If you watch the data only in Russia by the beginning of the 90s the average height of men was 176 cm and women - 164 cm.
The era of change
If we consider the main factors reducing the anthropometric data of the Russian population, it would be appropriate to speak of the direct dependence of the growth-weights on the political stability of the state. The most negative influence global reforms in Russian history were carried out more than once. According to the same Boris Mironov "The reforms require a lot of money, accompanied by breaking their traditional way of life, a change in behavioral norms and values, temporary worsening of all social institutions and structures."
Thus, it can be argued that children born in 90 years may be lower than they could be, they born in quieter times.
It is necessary to recognize as a given: people change. Modern man would be able to recognize even a century ago without any documents. Urbanization, better nutrition, the development of medicine - all this makes a person literally taller and heavier. And not only in Russia.
Today's average growth dynamics in Europe - 11 cm, in Spain -. 12 cm At the moment, the highest nation are Dutch. The average growth of men there is 1, 85 m. It is interesting that during the Second World War, the Americans were holding palm (1, 77 m.), But after the middle of the twentieth century in the United States population dynamics stopped. According to WHO, the average growth in Russia in the 60-ies of XX century was 1, 68, now - 1, 78. But rejoice, however, too early. Despite the fact that we are growing, other important indicators we compared with our ancestors, are lagging behind. According to studies cited by anthropologists of Moscow State University, the current teenagers is much weaker than their peers from the 30-ies of XX century. Measurements carried out on a simple dynamometer, showed that the average schoolboy in the last century squeezed 55 kilograms, today the average dropped to 36. Such is the "bell." We hope for the TRP.