Photographer Alexander Rodchenko - the genius of Soviet propaganda
• Photographer Alexander Rodchenko - the genius of Soviet propaganda
In general, a photo there is a strange thing. This is probably one of the few art forms where there is no national heroes. Come on the street to a passerby and asked to name the names of your favorite photos. Most likely, you will not hear a clear answer. Musicians know, actors know artists know architects probably will remember, poets and writers - as much as necessary, but no photos.
I do not know why it happened, but the photographer is usually always on the other side of the lens. Remember the last time you were interested in the author liked the picture in a magazine or on the internet? And even if you want to know the author, it would be this easy. Most likely in the credits you are waiting for a faceless name of the agency that runs the photographer.
Today I want to talk about Alexander Rodchenko. Of course, it's more than a photographer. Rodchenko - the genius of Soviet propaganda, he was behind the Russian avant-garde, he set a new standards in design and advertising in the USSR, he broke all notions of photographs, posters, drawings, which were before him, and set a new course. Rodchenko, probably the most famous native photographer, if not the name, photograph it knows everything.
Lilya Brik. The picture for the poster
Learned? Do not say you've never seen this picture. And dozens of other frames Rodchenko.
"Tolcheshsya in the subject, building or person and think, and how to remove it: so, so or so ... all the old ... So we have been taught, fostering the Millennium on different pictures, to see all of the rules of composition A grandmother need to revolutionize. see people from all points and at every light. " Rodchenko. Notebook LEF. 1927
That is Rodchenko art belongs to the famous slogan of the 1920s: "Work to live, not for palaces, temples, cemeteries and museums."
Column athletes, 1935
It is worth noting that as a photographer Rodchenko luckier than as an artist - the first recognized more quickly. Pretty soon, a young photographer has built a reputation as an innovator by performing a series of collages and montages using your own photos and clippings from magazines
Moscow 1925-1930 gg.
Ice-cream on the beach 1926
Corner of Kuznetsky and Petrovka. View towards the Theater Square and store Muir and Meriliz 1926
The Cigarette. Good area 1926
The electrician on a pole. From Park Kultury series. 1929
The monument to Pushkin 1930
The photographer has created their own canons, let it pride of place in any modern textbook pictures. As an example, a series of portraits of Mayakovsky, Rodchenko doing that rejected all traditions shooting pavilion, or "Portrait of Mother" (1924) became a classic close-up shots.
The painter Alexander Shevchenko. double exposure
The film director Esther Shub
Lili and Osip Brik. double exposure
Portrait of a mother
"The girl with a watering can," 1933.
To start the 30s some of his experiments seemed too ambitious: in 1932 it was suggested that the famous shot from the bottom of the "Pioneer trumpeter" Rodchenko similar to "fattened bourgeoisie", as the artist himself does not want to be reconstructed in accordance with the tasks of the proletarian photos.
But the real "hallmark" Rodchenko steel-aligned images - the artist made history with photographs taken at an unusual angle, from an unusual and often unique point in perspective, distorted and "animates" normal subjects.
Collect the demonstration in 1928
Rodchenko as a photographer a lot of tried and experimented.
pictures of aspect became his skate. He tried to angles that distort the picture, but made it a lively and dynamic. Before him, so I have not been removed. All filmed after it - it was an imitation.
He himself said: "I want to take a photo, which is not done before, so it was life itself, and the real, that they are simple and complex at the same time, so they surprised and amazed."
Photo, according Rodchenko, was to be the only true art, which most accurately reflects life in the moments that make up its movement. He sought to "catch" and disclose the content of the subject, and perhaps even the whole social phenomenon. Under construction the Soviet Union was a great field for its activities.
Alexander Rodchenko. Factory kitchen. Reportage. 1931
In Moscow and St. Petersburg floated-designed kitchens fully liberate the working people from cooking at home. 8:00 work, 8:00 rest, 8:00 sleep. In St. Petersburg, several housing estates in apartments which do not have a kitchen (plates), bathrooms were built. But in these arrays have lived, kitchens, baths with swimming pools, laundries, factories, public amenity centers.
He thought highly of documentary photography as a means of mapping of people's lives. Rodchenko was the first to do a series of photographs, which later can be folded single picture movement.
In the 30's he began to attract the world of sports and the circus.
"Photography - is a record of the facts, and the same as in the sketch can not invent facts, it is impossible in photography to shoot in unnatural positions each shot fact -. A contribution to the cultural values of the country fact filmed and recorded (when, where and what to remove. ) can be both modern and future interest. "
Rodchenko. Photo and students. 1928
His "non-standard" work in official circles caused some doubt. Ended in disagreement artist and the authorities in 1951 Rodchenko exception of the Union of Artists. However, just three years later, in 1954, the artist was again restored to the organization. December 3, 1956 Alexander Rodchenko died in Moscow from a stroke and was buried at the Donskoy cemetery.