Rare photos of North Korea early 20th century
• Rare photos of the 20th century, North Korea beginning of
North Korea today - the mysterious land, closed to the world of totalitarianism Reserve. Since the founding of the state in 1948, it was plunged into a diplomatic and economic isolation, driven by the policy of "independence" of Kim Il Sung.
Today, daily life shots in North Korea - a rarity, which is greeted with genuine interest. But it was not always so. A short period at the beginning of the XX century, after the fall of "thermite kingdom" in 1910 and before the division of the Korean Peninsula in 1945, Pyongyang was open growing city. Let's take a look at the North Korean capital of that time, a time when North Korea called Heydzo.
The two men saw logs.
A view of the East Gate of the old city, Pyongyang. Today, rare tourists visiting the city stop at the East Gate, which are considered the property of the nation. They were first built in the VI century. The current gate was constructed in 1635, after being in the XVI century during the Japanese invasion burned their predecessors. This is one of the oldest buildings in the capital of North Korea, which remind us that once North Korea has been a traditional Asian city, not the reserve of totalitarianism.
Street in Pyongyang. When the Japanese colonial rule of the city's population exceeded 200,000 people. It was only after the Korean War (1950-1953) grew up in Pyongyang city that we know today - with wide boulevards and grand monuments.
People sit on the "anchor stones" in the fields near Pyongyang. According to Korean folklore, Pyongyang - a boat floating in the waters of the Taedong and Potong rivers. Some sources claim that the city is held on two huge stones, so as not to float away, while others claim that these monoliths were masts of "floating city of the island."
A trader on a busy street in Pyongyang.
Postcard with Japanese characters with the image of two women at the pavilion on the bank of the Taedong River. On these cliffs say they "like developed with a swipe of a giant sword." Cliffs occupy a special place in the capital's folklore. According to one legend, they appeared at the request of one of the young farmer's boy rescued carp, who invited him to fulfill his every desire, and the boy asked to change over the Taedong River, so that it is no longer flooded farm of his native village.
The man caught a fish on a frozen river. Soup of the trout from the Taedong River - a typical dish of Pyongyang, and ice fishing is a popular Korean occupation even now. In South Korea, even hosts an annual festival of winter fishing.
A man on a donkey on wasteland background in Korean traditional hat called gat.
Usually they are made of bamboo and horsehair, and the first time they appeared in the time of the Joseon Dynasty. Traditionally, Gat hats worn to accentuate his high rank.
Two boys play before school.
During the occupation, the Japanese tried to destroy the Korean identity: the Korean language is banned in schools, and by citizens demanding that they used Japanese names.
The men gathered at the gate Seventh Star. This name refers to the constellation of the Big Dipper, which points to the North Star, and the gates are located just to the north. In the early twentieth century, some of the ancient city wiped out to make way for the tram lines, but many gates have been preserved as historical monuments. Gate Seventh Star are still standing in a park in Pyongyang Moran. The first shots that marked the beginning of the land battles in the Russian-Japanese War, was rocked with these gates.
The man eats a traditional Korean dish consisting of small portions of vegetables and rice. Before the Japanese occupation of the peninsula was divided into administrative provinces in which to keep their differences in the national cuisine. Today food in Pyongyang consists of grains and meat - what you need to survive the harsh winter. Across the country there are grocery stores.
Farmers in the field with his oxen. Under colonial rule the agricultural sector of North Korea was aimed at maintaining the Japan food resources. Today, the country in which there are less than 25% of arable land, is also dependent on agriculture. Soldiers even forced to work in the fields. According to one of the soldiers: "North Korea can not grow crops and livestock without an army ... Our main objective - the elimination of malnutrition."
The three girls are playing on the doorsteps of the building.
At the turn of the twentieth century, Christian missionaries opened schools for girls, the first time the Korean giving women access to modern education. When the Korean peninsula in 1945 split, communist North Korea has adopted the principles of gender equality, with particular emphasis on the participation of women in economic production. And this approach is maintained in the country ever since.
Beautiful scenery around Pyongyang.
More than 80% of the country covered by mountains, which play a major role in the past and present political life in North Korea. It is believed that Kim Il Sung began his confrontation against the Japanese with the top of the mountain on the border with China. It is also said that Kim Jong Il was born on the same mountain. Due to the country's isolation and lack of development, many of these peaks remained unexplored.
The girl and her brother on her back.
The woman at the loom. And then, and now North Korea's economy relies heavily on the textile industry, which was one of the main areas in the country's exports. Like many other branches of industry, it has suffered as a result of division of the country: for example, the European Union has imposed quotas on imports of textile goods from North Korea.
The man on Pyongyang streets.