13 photos, backed by the history of the century
Photographers can do something that is not subject to any cameraman, artist or journalist: capture the eternal memory of those split seconds that shocked or turned this world.
Religious pictures better than any history book can tell you about the most important thing in our past, whether it is a historic event, a scientific discovery or technological progress.
The First Lady of the Internet
In 1973, a group of scientists from the University of Southern California looking for a test photo with a good dynamic range for the study of digital image compression. Their choice, they stopped on the girl of the month of the November issue of Playboy, who was lying in the laboratory. One of the researchers, Alexander Savchuk, scanned the poster fragment with 100 lines per inch resolution. Obtain an image size of 512 by 512 pixels. File was named model - Lenna.
Lenna gradually become the industry standard for the industry and is still used in scientific studies to check and image processing algorithms illustrations (compression, noise reduction, and so on. D.). The same image was first digitally transmitted in the ARPANET, which was the prototype of the modern Internet.
The content of this material intended only for adults (18 and over).
Playboy initially threatened to sue for unauthorized use of the photos, but then changed his mind, on the contrary, telling in its advertising of the event. It is worth noting that the November issue eventually became the best-selling in the history of the magazine. The magazine with the "First Lady of the Internet" has sold 7,161,561 copies.
Nuba or "hill people" - the common name of nationalities living on the border of Sudan and South Sudan in the Nuba Mountains. In 1947, photographer George Roger and his wife, traveling to Africa on assignment National Geographic, found out about the Nuba, who also lived as their ancestors did thousands of years ago. Roger has received permission from the government of Sudan to document the life of the tribe. In 1949, the couple became the first photographers who photographed the life and customs of these "people of the hills." Among them are many photos of staged photographs, but the most famous was the documentary photos of sporting events, ceremonies and tribal Nuba dance. Published in 1952 in the National Geographic photo wrestlers gained the greatest fame. She appeared everywhere: on postcards and in books. For many years it has been such a portrait of Africa.
Leap of freedom
August 15, 1961. 19-year-old non-commissioned officer in the GDR Hans Conrad Schumann was aimed at crossroads Ruppiner Straße and Bernauer Straße guard started two days before the construction of the Berlin Wall. At this stage, the Wall was only a barbed wire fence. Under the pretext of checking fences Schumann hurting the wire in one place with his foot. His actions attracted the attention and the west side he cried, "to jump!" And pulled up the police car stopped in the 10 meters and opened the door, waiting for him.
19-year-old photographer Peter Lyaybing, seconded to the wall by the Federal Republic of Germany, and a half hour watching a nervous soldier. "I did not take his eyes off him for over an hour. I had the feeling that he is going to jump. It was a kind of instinct. ... I learned how to do it on race derby in Hamburg. It is necessary to take a picture at the moment when the horse off the ground, but before she crosses the barrier. ... And this moment has come. I pressed the shutter button, it was all over. "
Photo Lyaybinga won the Overseas Press Club award in the category "Best Picture" in 1961. Conrad Schumann settled in West Berlin. After the fall of the wall, it is moved to the home Bavaria. But his parents, brothers and sisters avoided Conrad, condemning his actions. Tormented by depression Hans Conrad Schumann June 20, 1998 hanged himself in the garden of his home.
Queen Elizabeth II
In March 2007, Annie Leibovitz - known American photographer specializing in portraits of celebrities - made several portraits of British Queen Elizabeth II. In the picture shown above, the queen, dressed in white and gold evening dress, a fur cape and diamond tiara, sitting in the living room of the White Buckingham Palace. Inspired by Annie Leibovitz was the painting "Queen Charlotte" Thomas Gainsborough exhibited at the National Gallery. Leibovitz recalls filming so. "She (the Queen) came into the room as quickly as she allowed her heavy regalia, and muttered:" Why do I have to carry all those heavy clothes in the middle of the day ?! "And I just admired her."
"Titanic" - the British steamer "White Star Line" company was founded March 31, 1909 at the shipyards shipbuilding company "Harland and Wolff" in Northern Ireland and launched on May 31, 1911. The ship was considered unsinkable. And when the "New York Times" was released with the title "The disaster on the Titanic" - it was a sensation. Other newspapers, relying "White Star Line" on the details of the shipbuilding company, talked about "some problems after hitting an iceberg."
Ned Parfett, 15-year-old young man in the photograph is selling a newspaper close to the Oceanic House, in which the "White Star Line" office was located.
It is no secret that in the United Kingdom found a large number of street cameras. Therefore, the "uniform" of young offenders became Hoodie (hoddie), allowing to hide her face. In 2006-2007. it has even become a political symbol.
After the introduction in 2006, the restrictions on the wearing of this garment, David Cameron, the Conservative leader, gave a speech in the "Center for Social Justice Ian Duncan Smith" and described his vision of the problem.
Although there is no mention of the arms in the speech of David Cameron, this part of the campaign, the future prime minister was named "Embrace" hoodie "." In 2007, the year Cameron visited one of the most deprived estates of Manchester. The photograph seventeen Ryan Florence "to shoot" in the party leader to impress friends.
October 23, 2002 a group of armed militants led by Movsar Barayev seized the building of the House of Culture "Moscow Bearing", which was the musical "Nord-Ost". Opposition of special services and terrorists lasted three days. October 26 through ventilation of the building began pumping sleeping gas. Experts believe that it was a chemical agent on the basis of fentanyl, however, the exact composition of the gas to remain unknown, including rescues hostages physicians. As a result of a terrorist act according to official figures 130 people were killed, including 10 children. Among the hostages 5 people were shot before the assault, the other died after release as a result of the action of poison gas. Although the presence of the press at the scene was limited Sunday Telegraph photographer Justin Sutcliffe managed to take a picture of women's liberation, was unconscious in the bus immediately after the storming of the Theater Center.
Photo won World Press Photo 2003. Sunday Telegraph journalists tried to find out the fate of a woman with a photograph. Unfortunately, it is unclear what the outcome of these searches.
XI Summer Olympics held in Berlin from 1 to 16 August 1936. Hitler used the games as a propaganda tool. The opening of the first Olympics televised live, Olympic events become material for producing a film by Leni Riefenstahl's "Olympia". However, the Nazis could not control the results of games. And 4 gold medals American black athlete Jesse Owens cool questioned Hitler's theory of racial superiority.
If a picture can clearly convey the spirit of sexual liberation in England 70s, it would be a picture "Tennis" Martin Elliott.
The photo was taken in early September 1976. In the picture, Fiona Butler - at that time eighteen friend Elliott. The snapshot was made not by accident. Martin Elliott asked his girlfriend, had not played tennis, change in shape and pose it on the court. During the filming model she lifted her skirt to make it clear that there is no underwear. Picture, quite normal by today's standards, caused a storm of emotions, when the art retailer Athena released it as part of a calendar dedicated to the Silver Jubilee of Elizabeth II. As a result, the calendar has sold over two million copies. Photos brought wealth Martin Elliott. Fiona Butler, who had not received any royalties from sales of the calendar, eventually married a millionaire, and said that in no way shy of the photo shoot and does not regret that did not receive the money. photos storyline went down in history and has been repeatedly used to beat and by different authors.
Newspaper headlines after November 22, 1963
Carl Maydans 36 years in LIFE magazine. He was a staff photographer for the whole period when the magazine came out on a weekly basis (from 1936 to 1972). In his photographs were captured scenes of punishment of French women who had collaborated with the Nazis; the release of prisoners from the Santo Tomas camp; Japan surrendered aboard the battleship "Missouri"; Fukui earthquake in Japan in 1948. The picture above was taken in train to Stamford, Connecticut, the next day after John F. Kennedy's assassination.
On the instructions of the editorial board NEWSWEEK Arnold Newman contacted known industrialist Alfred Krupp. In addition, that Alfred Krupp was known as a businessman, for it was the glory of a war criminal, who used slave labor to produce weapons for the Nazis.
When he learned that Newman Jew Krupp refused to shoot, but Newman insisted Krupp even looked his portfolio before making a final decision. Seeing pictures Krupp changed his mind. July 6, 1963 the industrialist and photographer started shooting at the factory in Essen, the one where the prisoners worked.
When Krupp first saw the portrait, he was furious. Newman also announced: "I - a Jew, and this - my little revenge."
The explosion of joy
Photo "The explosion of joy" Glory buckets is the winner of the Pulitzer Prize. The photograph was taken March 17, 1973 at the military base and Travis became a symbol of the end of the Vietnam War. In US Lieutenant Colonel Robert L. Stirm frame meets with his family after five years of captivity in North Vietnam. Fighter-bomber F-105, controlled by a lieutenant colonel, was shot down over Hanoi October 27, 1967, and Stirm kept in captivity until March 14, 1973. The central place in the picture spans Stirma daughter - 15-year-old Lorrie, the father met with open arms. Other family members follow it. Despite the joy imprinted on the picture, the family was not happy. Three days prior to arrival in the United States, Robert Stirm received a letter from his wife, stating that their relationship is over. In 1974, Lieutenant Colonel divorced.
After the photo was the winner of the award, all family members have received a copy of the picture. However, Robert Stirm never hung it in his house, t. To. Was "unable to look at it."
Firefighter buys a pumpkin
On the cover of the liberal American prospect, devoted to roadside America, it was placed devilishly odd picture. Firefighter buys pumpkins, while farm fire which, apparently, and brought him back, lit in the background. The picture made the photographer Joel Sternfeld, passing on his "Volkswagen" through the town of McLean, Virginia.
In this case, the fire was controlled workout, but his fire at the moment was a break. However, this fact was overlooked by the public. When the photo was printed first in the Life, and then in many other magazines and at trade shows, in the caption to a picture only indicates "Joel Sternfeld. McLean, Virginia. December 1978 ". The photographer reveled in this ambiguity. In the 2004 interview with The Guardian, where the journalist called him a chronicler of the "sinister curiosity of modern America," he said:
"Photography has always known how to manipulate. Each time you impose a framework on the world around - you have interpretiruesh. I can point the camera at two bystanders and do not take the shot a homeless man lying on their right, or murder, which occurs on the left. You take 35 degrees from 360 and call it a photo. There are an infinite number of ways to take a picture. Photographer - it is always a writer. "