10 simple, but effective ways to improve your memory
You have been through this before - something to do, but just can not remember that? Well, you decide, then I remembered. The trouble is that your intention may not remember: if it does not fall into the short-term or long-term memory, then, in fact, lost. But if anything recorded in long-term memory, it will remain there forever.
But why, even if the necessary information is in the memory is, we can not always remember it at the right time? The reason lies in the storage of memory - whenever the brain creates memories for a particular certain "benchmarks" by which it can be "restored" and we can not always recognize, you can "get" something important for some labels. But there are several ways to train and develop the properties of memory, and here are some of them.
1. Remind yourself
This technique will help you develop a working (short-term) memory, which you use, for example, with the number of operations "in the mind".
Scientists experimentally found out how long the working memory can store the necessary information, "attenuation" occurs in about 18 seconds. after use. Some volunteers after 18 seconds. were able to hold in memory for about 10% of the information, however, if, for example, is not possible to write down a phone number or address, it is unlikely to help.
What to do? The output in this situation is simple but effective: Repeat the necessary figures to himself every 15 seconds, thereby renewing the necessary data..
2. The method of analogies with parts of the body
This method is simple associations helps to memorize large amounts of small details: memorizing system of the human body landmarks is unusual, but in practice it is proved that it is a good way to store and at the right time "extract" the information you need. The bottom line is that you associate each desired mixing directly with one of the parts of the human body, creating in the mind a certain "image" associated with the required knowledge.
For example, you - the teacher, and one of your players need to learn the structure of the human eye. Not to forget exactly who you are given the task, you can imagine the face of the student, for example, with an apple on his head (fruit - similar to the eyeball).
Many students and schoolchildren believe that music or the TV does not interfere with their studies, but it turned out that the background noise and the more flashing images prevent memorization really important information. In fact, a person is not capable of doing several things at once, at least, without prejudice to each of the activities (of course, this does not apply to breathing or walking, because these processes are not handled consciousness).
But if you, for example, watching TV while preparing for the exam, the brain is constantly switching between the two stimuli and wasting time on unnecessary data processing. So, if you want to get a better memorization of the material - turn off the useless box.
4. coherent narrative
This method is designed for storing things loosely coupled with each other, whether it's a shopping list, or anything else: think of the story, which will be referred to subjects about which you need to remember. You need to buy jam, sugar, soda, and ice cream? Something like: "One day, walking in a park Soda, and slipped on the jam, hurt her leg, but then it rushed to the aid of the sugar, and then they ate ice cream together." History, of course, completely crazy, but this method works, the scientists say. The only drawback - if your list is too extensive, the story may be too long, but nothing prevents in this case to come up with a number of different "stories", is not it?
This kind of trick used in schools in the study of foreign languages, and will help you, for example, to remember the new compound word like unbelievable, associate it with the sound of a well-known, even you by the word of their language - "no whitewash". By linking the "incredible" and "no whitewash", you can make ice-key: "It's incredible that no whitewash" - IMT way, you create an image in the memory and pronunciation of a new word and its meaning.
6. The method of loci
The method has other names: "travel method" or "method of the Roman room", as it appeared, as you probably already guessed, back in ancient Rome. The operating principle is that you're going silently across the room or outside, which is perfectly familiar to you, and "leave" the information about the different landmarks on which it can be easy to learn. And when the information you need, you mentally get back into a familiar landmark for the area and go to a place where they left stored information.
7. Break the information into blocks
The experiments show that our working mash can be stored for some time from five to nine characters, however, you will object, phone numbers consist of ten digits, but this does not prevent us to remember them.
Have you ever noticed that the telephone number is usually written through the gaps? Because of this habit of perception we fix the numbers in memory in the form of several pieces of information that allows us to keep them longer. This method can be applied when trying to remember any other details: for example, chess grandmasters sometimes surprise viewers simul, and even "blind", and still manage to win. There is no magic - these experienced players eventually memorize complex combination of chess, each creating its own image, and later in batches used here are "blocks", but it looks absolutely fantastic.
8. The method of restoring the environment
When a child you have lost something, my mother said to go back to where you have seen this subject for the last time and was absolutely right. This phenomenon is called the science of context-dependent memory: memory has a huge impact environment, and restoration of the environment in which you will remember a lost thing, whereby ye may idea where she could be left or lost - it works and the storage of memory.
For example, when the divers in the water reported some information, it will be much easier to remember it, just being in the water. Context-sensitive memory also means that the things recorded in the memory in a state of intoxication, it is much easier then remembered it was "under the weather".
9. Write your own texts to your favorite tunes
It is very difficult to memorize long passages of text, and this can help to bind the text to music, as in primary school children are taught to recite the alphabet, tying it to a particular melody. Take the memorized text, choose your favorite song and "sings" the right words, this motif.
Put on music even the periodic table of chemical elements: mathematician Tom Lehrer in the 50s used to do "libretto" opera Gilbert and Sullivan, and this ingenious move still helps children memorize the periodic table of elements.
10. Memorize odors
The scientists claim that the smell - one of the most powerful tools for storing, allowing subsequently removing even the deepest memories. This is because the nose sends information about smells almost directly in the center of memory, while the signals of the other senses have to pass a certain treatment.
The easiest way to use smell - studying the notes, hold his nose to anything with a strong odor, such as toothpaste, and then take it with you to the exam: the sharp smell of mint will help you to restore the recorded lectures mind.