10 most expensive natural disasters of the 21st century
The current flooding in Central Europe, caused by heavy rains and trigger output of the Danube, Rhine, Main and other rivers of the banks, is likely to become even more devastating than the "flood of the century" in 2002. The current flood has every chance to get into the list of the biggest natural disasters in recent years.
Assessment of the economic damage is given on the basis of data from open sources. These are direct losses from the impact of a given element and its associated phenomena. That is, it is the value of destroyed and damaged buildings, infrastructure and industry, as well as direct damage to public and private property.
The earthquake in Japan in March 2011,
Economic damage: $ 243, 9 billion, according to The CATDAT - Damaging Earthquake Database (Base devastating earthquake data).
The earthquake and tsunami in Japan in March 2011, on a scale matched only by the Great Kanto Earthquake of 1923, when almost completely destroyed Tokyo and Yokohama. Total disaster killed more than 15,800 people and left half a million homeless people in Japan were devastated coastal areas of the eastern part of the island of Honshu.
But the catastrophe in 2011 was terrible not only because of the devastation, the elements arranged. The earthquake triggered the accident at the nuclear power plant "Fukushima-1". The station name has become as synonymous as Chernobyl.
Sichuan earthquake in 2008
Economic damage: $ 191, 9 billion, according to The CATDAT - Damaging Earthquake Database (Base devastating earthquake data).
Sichuan earthquake in 2008 killed more than 69,000 people, becoming one of the largest number of victims in the history of mankind. China has already experienced something similar: Tangshan earthquake in 1976 killed more than 255,000 people. In 2008, the street turned out to be more than 4, 8 million people, more than 1, 5 million homes were damaged or destroyed and economic losses exceeded $ 190 billion.
The Hurricane "Katrina" in 2005
Economic damage: $ 108 billion, according to the US National Hurricane Center.
Hurricane "Katrina" has become one of the most devastating natural disasters in US history. More than 1, 2 million homes were damaged or destroyed. Were flooded New Orleans and surrounding areas. More than 1,800 people died and more than 600,000 were forced to flee their homes. In the city of rampant looting, and to restore order, the authorities had even entered the city of the National Guard.
The Hurricane "Sandy" in 2012
Economic damage: $ 50 billion, according to the National Hurricane Center; $ 71 billion according to The New York Times.
Everyone was afraid that the hurricane "Sandy" will cause the United States to the same destruction as the "Katrina", but "cost". Worth $ 71 billion can not be called small. Still, the damage was not so ambitious. The hurricane affected not only States, but also the seven countries in the Caribbean region. In total 132 people were killed, 305,000 homes were either destroyed or severely damaged.
The earthquake and the 2004 tsunami in the Indian Ocean
Economic damage: $ 34 billion, according to The CATDAT - Damaging Earthquake Database (Base devastating earthquake data).
The earthquake and the 2004 tsunami in the Indian Ocean was a truly international disaster. It affected 15 countries and killed more than 250,000 people (not only local residents but also tourists). Precise data on the number of victims is still no. Especially got Indonesia (off the coast of which were recorded and tremors), India, Sri Lanka, Thailand and the Maldives. Element affected in mostly not too developed countries, so the economic damage was not as great as, say, the earthquake and tsunami near Honshu 7 years later.
The earthquake in Chile in 2010.
Economic damage: $ 27, 3 billion, according to The CATDAT - Damaging Earthquake Database (Base devastating earthquake data).
Chile earthquake - a phenomenon quite frequent, but equally strong impacts as in 2010, the country is not felt in decades. Their magnitude was 8, 8 on the Richter scale. More powerful earthquake was only in 1960 - then the magnitude was 9, 5 on the Richter scale. Nevertheless, the consequences were horrific: more than 500 people were killed, 500,000 homes destroyed.
Floods in Europe in 2002.
The economic damage: from € 15 to € 20 billion, according to the press; by the European Commission, only Germany, the Czech Republic and Austria have been damaged in the amount of € 17, 4 billion. "The flood of the century" - the name given to the media in a large-scale disaster that engulfed the summer of 2002, 13 countries in Europe. As a result, does not stop the whole week rains the river overflows its banks: were flooded vast areas. Particularly affected the Czech Republic, Slovakia, Germany and Austria. All it killed more than 230 people.
The earthquake in Haiti in 2010
Economic damage: $ 7, 2 to $ 13, 2 billion, according to The New York Times and the Inter-American Development Bank.
After the January 2010 earthquake, the Republic of Haiti (already the poorest country in the Caribbean) has become poorer. In one night, the country has suffered economic damage comparable to the volume of its annual GDP ($ 11, 58 billion in 2008). It was almost completely destroyed the capital of Haiti, Port-au-Prince. More than 220 000 people were killed, more than a million homeless.
The eruption of the Eyjafjallajökull volcano in 2010
The economic damage: more than € 5 billion ($ 7, 3 billion), according to Spiegel magazine; according to the International Air Transport Association airlines eruption only at a cost of € 1, 7 billion.
Despite the fact that the Eyjafjallajökull did not destroy a single house, and did not kill a single person, its eruption on the right is a list of the biggest natural disasters the past 13 years: in fact, according to the European Commission, was abolished more than 100 000 flights and dozens of airports have been closed, passengers could not fly, but airline every day carried multimillion losses. All this in the amount and gave a figure of more than € 5 billion.
Forest fires in Russia in 2010
The economic damage: according to official data, 85, 5 billion rubles (more than $ 2, 8 billion at the rate of 2010).
Summer 2010 will long be remembered residents of Russia, especially in the European part of it: the heat and the drought provoked terrible forest fires. Burnt forest area of more than 2, 3 million hectares of thick acrid smog shrouded the entire western part of Russia. The fires killed more than 50 people, burned 2,500 homes have been totally or partially destroyed more than 127 settlements. In addition, increase in mortality was recorded in the country at 17, 5% in July and August 2010. Assess the damage at first vary widely. And they called quite astronomical sums. So, the director of the Center for Wildlife Alexey Zimenko stated that the damage to the forest fund from fires is not less than $ 25 000 per 1 ha of forest, or at least $ 375 billion of the overall damage.