Alcatraz - the most famous prison in the world
escape plan prepared for months, has been carefully thought out, it was perfect. Usually in the evening June 11, 1962. Everything seemed ordinary. However, for three prisoners, it was different. Frank Morris, John Anglin and Clarence dare the impossible - to escape from the most secure prison of the United States of America.
This prison-fortress overlooks the San Francisco Bay within two kilometers of the West American metropolis. She instilled fear even the strongest criminals. Who violated public order - go to jail, who violated the orders of the prison - got to Alcatraz. Her nickname - "The Rock". There sat the king of the underworld of Al Capone. It is the most famous prison in the world. Take a look inside?
Today, after more than 50 years, knows all the details of the legendary escape. The main question remains open: whether the three detainees that night were able to reach land? However, let us all in order.
In the 60s prison Alcatraz (Eng. Alcatraz) in the criminal world, it is considered a last resort. This maximum security prison was set up in order to collect all the "rotten eggs" in one basket. Frank Lee Morris (AZ concluded in 1441), and two of his accomplices, John and Clarence Anglin - professional criminals and true escape master. From the first days of stay in the "Rock", they began to look for options and to think the unthinkable escape plan.
The main obstacle on the path to freedom was, of course, ice water in the San Francisco Bay. Aggravated the situation even and strong currents. The distance from the islands to California metropolitan - half mile (2, 4 kilometers).
In addition, we had to get out of the main body of the prison undetected overcome fence with barbed wire. But first you need to get out of the cameras.
The task at first glance, was not solved. In on one overseer had three inmates, which is four times more than the usual regular prison at that time. Permanent and detours around the clock extremely complicated task. Undermining is impossible to get out through the bars - too. However, Frank Morris (high IQ) and his accomplices have found a way.
Finding that the concrete wall of the main body of the old buildings were no longer so strong, they decided to wade through the hole of ventilation grilles, size 13 to 24 cm. In order to widen the opening, the master of escape at night worked hard sharpened spoons. In order to hide the traces of night work, they fashioned layout grids, which puts to the wall. In addition, in the case were a stack of magazines, accordion and other dimensional things.
To escape was not noticed until the morning, the prisoners created from papier-mache effigies. Hair is carried out of the barber shop, the paint could be obtained for drawing.
For the rear wall chambers located Technical tract-mine where go tube.
According to it, in the night of the escape of prisoners climbed to the top floor of the housing. There, through the sunroof, which was opened with a homemade drills, they hit the roof.
A few months future fugitives worked on lifejackets and inflatable rafts. They are masters of their rain jackets and glue. All the tools and materials they managed to get through contacts with prisoners in the kitchen, workshops and so on. N. Everything went perfectly and according to plan. Apart from the fact that originally were going to run four, but one of the prisoners (Euler West) could not in time to get out of the chamber. Frank Morris, John Anglin and Clarence, being near the shore, inflated bellows converted raft and floated away.
More nobody has ever seen, they are missing. Catch or find the body - failed. To date, already half a century later, they continue to search. In 1997, the FBI handed the case US Marshals. They are in the United States engaged in the search for an escaped convict and returned to prison more than 100 thousand people annually.
Did the prisoners to cross the San Francisco Bay? We found one oar, two life jackets and rubber bag with a photo, and where the flesh? Bodies were not found. If they managed to get on the ground, why professional criminals do not take up the old case? These and many other issues still remain open.
Less than 12 months after this (successful) case of escape federal prison was closed.
There were others trying to escape, but they were unsuccessful and ended in failure.
A few words about the everyday life of the prison.
The basic principle in the work of prisoners was raspersonalizirovanie. All became equal, whether it be a bank robber, ubitsa, the brightest representative of the US Organized Crime Al Capone or the famous American gangster George Kelly Barnes ( "Machine Gun Kelly" English. "Machine Gun"). It was not a penal colony. The major change was not re-socialization and undermine peace.
Sometimes it brings to the island the noise of the big city and the stunning views of San Francisco even more pressured prisoners. Everyone dreams of escape. There were cases of riots and hostage-taking - prison guards.
Could shave 1 once a week, hair cut - once a month.
is usually given in the dining room is the same, namely pasta.
The gift shop is now possible to buy a mug that shape and type similar to the original.
There were rooms where prisoners worked.
There was a library.
Could one day a week to play a musical instrument.
Even knit (men's prison).
The prisoners played chess / checkers. Puts in their own half of the field camera and talking with neighbors in the camera, make moves.
On the far end camera you could talk through "the toilet" link. When the water is drained from both negotiators, the pipe for some time been free.
Those who violate the order of the expected number of special measures. The very mention of "Block D" bringing terror and fear in the prisoners.
There were located a long confinement cells. Walking can be once a week.
And the so-called "hole". As punishment cells - prison within a prison.
In the "holes" was almost no light, there was no heating. There were kept prisoners for a long time. In order not to go mad, one of the prisoners (in his stories) tore off a button, threw it up, took a few obort and blindly in the dark hands began to look for it on the floor. And so over and over again until steranes hands and could not feel them. In one of the 6 spetskamer there were no lights and there placed the prisoners only in underwear.
There were also extremely long isolation chamber. Prisoners (serial killer, and so on. P.) In these years were alone and had no "output to the world".
Rules in the room for meetings.
In the premises guards and prison administration.
More photos of the buildings:
More photos of the island:
In a nutshell, that was on the island to the high security prison, built in 1933. Originally it stood on the island lighthouse. During the "gold rush" in the mid-nineteenth century San Francisco Bay was overwhelmed by the courts. There was a need to protect the bay, so here built a fort with more than a hundred guns.
Later, a military prison was created on the island.
The federal maximum security prison was closed in 1963. At the end of the 60th island took the Indians, according to the law of the possibility of free migration.
Later, all dispersed.
Since 1971 Alcatraz - the museum complex, opened it to tourists.
Alcatraz frequently appeared and appears in films. The most famous prisoner at different times were Clint Eastwood ( "Escape from Alcatraz", Escape from Alcatraz, 1979) and Sean Connery ( "The Rock", The Rock, 1996).
Here is an interesting place.