Thousands of photographers working around the world every day capturing events, places, people, and animals, producing hundreds of thousands of photos. But only a few have become globally known for many, many years, are replicated, used in modern culture and modern fotoikonami called.
Most often, unfortunately, the status of religious acquire a particularly terrible and shocking photos from wars, disasters and terrorist attacks, but the world's a lot of good, and so the pictures glorifying love, joy and gladness, and become world-renowned and active replicable. Including in an advertisement.
In this material in front of you the most popular photographs of XX and XXI century. Some of them are terrifying, and some fill the heart with warmth. But each of them - a symbol. era symbol, a symbol of the event, a symbol of humanity in all its diversity.
Photo Ernesto Che Guevara in black beret recognized as a symbol of the XX century, the most famous and most reproduced photo in the world. It was made March 5, 1960 in Havana during a memorial service for the victims of a ship explosion La Coubre, its author, Alberto Korda, then official photographer of Fidel Castro, said that at that moment he was shocked expression on her face 31-year-old Che, which It was written at the same time "absolute intransigence", anger and pain. Thus Che appears in the viewfinder to the photographer only a couple of seconds after hot speech Fidel (wherein famous words "Patria O Muerte" were first used), and then retreated into the shade.
The photo was rejected by the editor of "Revolution", and it upset Korda, convinced of the strength of this work. He cut the picture, print it in several copies, one hung at home on the wall, and the other given away to friends. Since this all started. By the way, Korda never asked for payment of royalties for the use and reproduction of this picture, but it was against the commercial use of the image of Che. Especially in the advertising of those products which Comandante would never have supported. Alberto sued, for example, agency Lowe Lintas and Rex Features, when they began to sell with this picture vodka Smirnoff. He won $ 50,000, which immediately donated the Cuban medicine. Here is the picture in the original, but in a world where it is more commonly known cropped version without palms and foreign comrades.
On the day when this photo was taken, Einstein turned 72 years. March 14, 1951 it was photographed if not almost all publications, and he was very tired and annoyed. UPI photographer Arthur Sasse (Arthur Sasse) was one of the last, and he tried very hard to convince Einstein to smile. But the greatest minds of the twentieth century, instead, shows a photograph of the language.
In 2009, the original picture mischievous Einstein was sold at auction for 74 thousand 324 dollars.
The most famous photograph of one of the most famous and revered British politicians was made at a rather amusing circumstances. As you know, Churchill never parted with his cigar, including the photographs. And when it came to shooting the photographer Yousuf Karsh, he was not going to change myself. Yusuf at first delicately put to the Prime Minister an ashtray, but he ignored her and the photographer had to say "I'm sorry, sir," and to get Churchill cigar.
"When I got back to the camera, he looked as if he wanted to eat me" - later recalled Karsh, author of one of the most expressive portraits of all time.
An Afghan girl
National Geographic Magazine in 1984 set out to trace the genetic pathway of green eyes, which began in the days of Genghis Khan. During the research and collection of material for the project "Green Eyes" photographer Steve McCurry photographed an Afghan girl who, as it turned out 17 years later, the name is Sharbat Gula (Sharbat Gula). Beauty shot of a frightened Refugee eyes wide in 1985 became the cover of National Geographic, and after some time became a world-famous symbol of the Afghan conflict and the suffering of refugees around the world. photo even now called "Afghan Mona Lisa." By the time the National Geographic team still sought Sharbat, it was about thirty, she returned to her native Afghanistan and never before the meeting with NG has not seen this picture and did not know about his worldwide fame.
Flag Raising on Iwo Jima
Raising The flag on Iwo Jima
One of the most famous photographs from the Second World War, made February 23, 1945 Joe Rosenthal (Joe Rosenthal). Six soldiers of the US armed forces hoisting the US flag on Mount Suribachi mountain, the highest point of a very small island in essence, for which the battle was carried out over a month.
Interestingly, the time printed on the picture was not the first flag raising at this point. Gore was taken two hours earlier, and it was then put on her "Stars and Stripes". But the flag was small, and it was decided to replace the more significant. This point also sealed Joe Rosenthal, ensured that a photograph is not only a Pulitzer Prize itself, but also prove the existence of the Marine Corps, the effectiveness of which was then questioned.
Three of the soldiers photographed and then killed in battle on the island, which lasted a month and three days after the flag-raising. And three of the survivors became celebrities in the United States because of this picture. Flag survived and now kept in the Museum of the Marine Corps, torn and shabby.
The volunteer-loyalist at the time of death
Loyalist Militiaman at the Moment of Death
The image of Robert Capa (Robert Capa), made by September 5, 1936, has long been a symbol of the bloody and ruthless Spanish Civil War. It shows an armed militia in the civil, falling back after a fatal shot to his opponent. Photo very emotional, dramatic, fix the terrible moment - so it immediately became popular, but at the same time and the doubts of the society. And now almost nobody doubts that the iconic picture was staging. Firstly, he was not made on the battlefield, and a few kilometers away. And secondly, who died tragically at the pictures in the open field, and then identified Federico Borrell García was actually shot in an attempt to hide behind a tree.
General Nguyen Ngoc Loan executes a Viet Cong prisoner in Saigon
General Nguyen Ngoc Loan executing a Viet Cong prisoner in Saigon
And this picture is not staged, and for more than 40 years, people look at the infinite penalty Viet Cong Nguyen Van Lem General Nguyen Ngoc Loan. Photographer Eddie Adams (Eddie Adams) recorded the events of thirteen wars, but his most famous photograph is this made February 1, 1968. For which he then also had to apologize.
The picture is instantly shattered by newspapers and news agencies said about him in all the States, many with reproach and indignation - too afraid of what is on it.
Eddie claimed that it was not planned frame that it was something like a reflex, and he did not even know that it was removed, has not shown the film. And showing, I realized that you can not keep silent about this. But later he wrote in Time: "The general killed the Viet Cong, I killed the general with your camera. Photos is still the most powerful weapon in the world. People believe them, but the pictures lie, even without such intentions. They - only half the truth. Photo did not say, "What would you do if you were this general at the time and place on that hot day when you caught the so-called bad guy after he blew up one, two or three Americans?" "
When General Nguyen was still alive, Adams has brought him and his family an apology for the irreparable damage inflicted on the honor of General this photo.
already far Another world-famous photograph of the Vietnam War are not as controversial as the previous one. It is a symbol of horror and suffering of innocent people falling "under the distribution", together with the military. Picture taken by the South Vietnamese photographer, Nick Ut, shows people fleeing from napalm, who poured the South Vietnamese armed forces in the village. The logical center of the composition - a naked girl who is screaming in terror and pain. It is nine years, Kim Phuc, she had a terrible third-degree burns on his back and the back of the legs, and she tries to escape. Take a picture, Nick picked up the girl and took her and the other injured children to the hospital. The doctors were confident that she would not survive, however after 14 months in the hospital and 17 operations Kim Phuc became practically healthy. Photographer constantly visited her in the hospital and after discharge, until the left Saigon after three years.
Kim is alive now, she dedicated her life to medicine and assistance to child victims of war. Sometimes she gives interviews and participated in a talk show: "Napalm - is the worst pain you can imagine. Water boils at 100 degrees, and the temperature of napalm from 800 to 1200. Pardon me free from hatred. I still have a lot of scars on the body, and I feel a lot of pain almost constantly, but my heart is pure. Napalm is strong, but faith, forgiveness and love which is stronger. We would not have been wars, if anyone could figure out how to live with true love, hope and forgiveness. If the little girl in the picture was able to ask yourself, can you? "
The man and tanks
Photo symbol of opposition forces weapons and power of the human spirit. One man came in front of a column of tanks near Tiananmen Square in Beijing during the riots in June 1989. In his hands were two ordinary plastic bags, which he shook the tanks when they stopped. The first tank attempted to drive around the man, but he again stood in his way. After several unsuccessful attempts to bypass its tanks killed the engine, and the commander of the first spoke with Assertive peacemaker. Then again I tried to overtake him, and the man stood up again in front of the tank. Four photographer captured the moment, but the world-famous photograph was the picture Uaydnera Jeff (Jeff Widener), longtime forbidden in China. The man did not manage to identify, but it was included in Time magazine's list of the 100 most important people of the twentieth century.
The vulture stalking a child
Vulture Stalking a Child
This photo is shocking not only shows the suffering of children in the Sudan during the famine of 1993, but also tells the story of mental suffering photographer take a picture. Kevin Carter (Kevin Carter) received for this photo Pulitzer Prize, and two months later, let exhaust fumes of his car in the showroom.
Little exhausted girl crawling towards humanitarian aid camp, stopped to rest, and at this time the clearing hungry vulture swooped down and walked in circles waiting for the child's death. Kevin waited for 20 minutes before the picture became quite successful for him. And only then chased the vulture, and the girl crawled on. Carter collapsed wave of criticism and most prestigious journalism award. So only he could not live with a variety of financial problems that saw in Sudan, and so what was he. In July 1994, he committed suicide.
The symbol of the Great Depression represents Florence Owens Thompson, which is photographed with the children Dorothea Lange (Dorothea Lange) in 1936. Library of Congress describes Florence as the "gatherers abandoned peas, mother of seven children, 32, Nipomo, California."
One of the six shots of the family, made Dorothea, has become a symbol of those years and even inspired the writer John Steinbeck in his famous novel "The Grapes of Wrath." Name Florence became known after more than 40 years after the shot, and then she told Accosiated Press, deeply disappointed that the act of the photographer: "I wish that she did not do this picture. I can not get over it a penny. She did not ask my name. She said that he would not sell the photos. She said she would send me a copy. But it is not sent. " Three years ago, the daughter of Catherine (left in the picture) in an interview said that this photo made them ashamed of their poverty. It should be noted that Lange was working in a government agency, and therefore never received royalties for a photo, made her famous. At the grave of Florence, who died of cancer and heart disease in 1983, says "Florence Owens Thompson. Nomadic mother - legend force mothers of America. "
The falling man
The Falling Man
September 11, 2001 was made a huge number of photos and video showing one of the most notorious acts of terrorism and its consequences. But it is concise picture falling down man's head against a background of still-standing towers of the World Trade Center can be called fotosimvolom those events. It shows not only the tragedy of the city, country and the world, but also the tragedy and despair of every person who died in the WTC. Falling out of the North Tower of the man was photographed by Richard Drew (Richard Drew), more than 40 years in Accosiated Press, at 9 o'clock 41 minutes and 15 seconds. And an unidentified man among the more than two hundred people have preferred death from smoke, fire, or the collapse of the towers of death by falling from the upper floors of a skyscraper.
Probably, it was Jonathan Briley, 43-year-old sound engineer Restaurant Windows On The World, located on the top floor of the North Tower, but officially it has not been confirmed.
Photo "Falling Man" is called the most powerful images of human despair of the XXI century.
In 1968, NASA took the first flight to the moon orbit with the crew, and Apollo8 astronaut William Anders (William Anders) made one of the most beautiful and famous in the world of images of the world, emphasizing its beauty and fragility.
NASA kept the audio dialogue between Anders and his partner Frank Borman:
Borman: Oh my God! Look over there. Earth rises. Wow, so beautiful.
Anders: Hey, do not shoot it, it's not in the list of tasks.
Borman: (laughs) Do you have a color film, Jim? (Another member of the crew)
Anders: Do not pass them quickly if you give me the color film?
Lunch atop a skyscraper
Lunch atop a Skyscraper
Fearless builders, chattering diners and feet sitting on the beam 69 floor of the future building of Rockefeller Center, the pictures were taken by Charles Ebbets (Charles C. Ebbets) in 1932 during the last months of construction. The authorship of the image, which is often signed "Unknown photographer", established only 8 years ago. Of the 11 men sitting on the beam, identified only seven.
Kiss in Times Square
V-J Day in Times Square
The most famous kiss in the world took Albert Eisenstadt in Times Square during the celebration of Victory Day over Japan on August 14, 1945. During the crowded noisy festivities in Eisenstadt did not have time to ask the names of the heroes of the picture, and so for a long time they remained unknown. Only in 1980 it was found that the nurse in the photograph was Edith Shane. But the sailor's name is still a mystery - 11 people said that they, but to prove it and could not.
That's what told Eisenstadt shooting moment: "I saw a sailor running along the street and grab any girl who was in his field of vision. Was she an old lady or young, fat or thin, he did not care. I ran in front of him with my "Leica", looking back over my shoulder, but none of the photos I did not like. Then, suddenly, I saw how he caught someone in white. I turned around and took a time when the sailor kissed the nurse. If she was wearing a dark, I would never have photographed them. As if the sailor was in a white uniform. I made 4 photos in a few seconds, but the only one I was satisfied. "
The photo was taken a few days ago during the riots, arranged hockey fans in Vancouver, Canada, and a few hours spread around the world. Esquire Magazine called it "probably the best photo of all time", all publications and blogs are vying to give her name in the spirit of "Make Love Not War" and "Love on the background of the war." As a result, it turned out that this was not a story of passion, and the history of comfort and sympathy. But it is still love. The images show the 29-year-old Australian Scott Jones and his Canadian sweetheart Alexander Thomas. During the excesses and chaos, arranged by fans of the losing team's Stanley Cup Vancouver Canucks, policemen knocked her to the ground, hurt and frightened almost to hysteria. Scott lay down beside her and kissed her to calm her. It was at this moment the photographer clicked the shutter Getty Images.
Now Scott and Alexander do not have time to fend off proposals for filming in talk shows and commercials. For repeating a kiss in advertising chewing gum they were promised $ 10 million, lovers answer was brief and categorical: "We do not want to cash in on his love."
And what would be the story did not stand for this photo, it does not diminish because of its emotional impact.
image author - an outstanding photographer mid XX century, Philippe Halsman. The photo was taken in 1948 in New York. On the count of "three" assistants Halsman splashed a bucket of water and threw cats into the air. To the "four" Dali jumping and Halsman photographed. Then Halsman was removed in a dark room to show the film, and wiped the floor assistants and calmed cats. Work on the image lasted 6 hours continuously. Cats threw 28 times.
The Beatles photographed crossing the street Abbey Road. Fotosessesiya held August 8, 1969. We photographer Iain Macmillan had ten minutes to take a picture: this section of the street was specifically blocked by the police, as even at that time Abbey Road was one of the busiest in London. Macmillan group shot down the stairs and made six shots, one of which was on the album The Beatles cover.
The car "Volkswagen Beetle" (nem.-Eng. Volkswagen Beetle) with LMW281F number, standing near the transition, owned by a resident of one of the neighboring houses. After the release number plate repeatedly abducted. In 1986 the car was sold at auction, "Sotheby's" American collector for 2530 British pounds.
Churchill, Roosevelt and Stalin at Yalta. February 1945.
A smiling Gandhi
The image was taken April 18, 1946. This is not a portrait, as it might seem at first glance. Image spiritual leader of India, was cut from the group shot, which the British politician Lord Frederick Lawrence and Mahatma Gandhi come out of the building after the interview. The photographer is unknown. The picture is in the collection of the legendary LIFE magazine photos.
The image-winner World Press Photo of the Year 2011 appeared on the cover of Time magazine. Photo by South African photographer Jodi Bieber. Face 18-year-old Bibi Aisha's disfigured her husband for trying to escape from the house. At age 12, she and her younger sister were given to the Taliban to resolve tribal disputes. Later, Aisha returned to her parents' house because of the abuse of her husband. Soon came the girl - she was taken to the mountains, and as a punishment for insulting the man cut off his nose and ears, left for dead in the mountains. Some time after that the girl lived in Kabul orphanage under the care of a charitable organization Women for Afghan Women, then was sent to America, where she held a number of remedial surgery.
The famous scene from the movie "Seven Year Itch" in which a sudden gust of air from the ventilation hatch vzmetaet up the skirt of Marilyn Monroe, originally filmed in Manhattan, at the corner of 52nd Street and Lexington Avenue, September 15, 1954 in the morning . 5000 onlookers whistled and hooted when Monroe once again plucked double, forgetting the words. The footage did not appear in the film, because it could not be used because of the noise of the crowd. The film's director Billy Wilder photographed the scene in the pavilion of 20th Century Fox Studios. To achieve the desired result, he had to make another 40 doubles.
Starving boy and missionary
Mike Wells, United Kingdom. April 1980. Area Karamoja (Karamoja), Uganda.
The Kiss at City Hall
In 1950, the most famous work of photographer Robert Doisneau, embodying a couple kissing on the background of the bustle of the city streets, which became one of the symbols of Paris was created. Picture "The Kiss at City Hall" was published in "LIFE". In 80-ies in the kissing couple allegedly recognized herself one couple, demanding that Robert Doisneau fee of 90 thousand dollars. Disputes are resolved in court, where the photographer had to admit that the photo was posed. This helped him to win the process.
March 29, 1848 an incredible event happened - Niagara Falls ostanavilsya. Just one day, but it was cold. Unknown photographer managed to capture this natural phenomenon.
The Naked Runner
All the chief men of the country, including Her Majesty the Queen with his entourage in 1975 at the Rugby World Cup in the UK gathered in the stands. Naked Aussie Michael makes a "circle of honor" at the stadium. According to rumors, the queen fainted. Runner was sentenced to three months' imprisonment.
The Agony Omayry
image Author photojournalist Frank Fournier. 13-year old Colombian Omayra Sánchez fell into the trap of building debris, formed after the eruption of the volcano Nevado del Ruiz November 13, 1985. The girl was under the rubble in their own home. When the rescuers tried to free it, it became clear that her legs trapped debris. Before I die Omayra stood up with water to 60 hours.
Photo sparked serious controversy. Fournier criticized and called "vulture". Subsequently Omayry death became a symbol of the tragic nature of the disaster in Armero, and the photo helped raise money from around the world to help.
The nuclear "mushroom" over Nagasaki
The image was taken August 9, 1945 from the board of one of the American bombers after the city of Nagasaki atomic bomb was dropped. The total death toll reached 80 thousand people. Three days earlier, the atomic bomb dropped on the Japanese city of Hiroshima. The explosion killed 166 thousand people. Atomic bombings of Hiroshima and Nagasaki - the only ones in the history of mankind are two examples of combat use of nuclear weapons.
July 22, 1975 press photographer Stanley Forman left on a message about the fire at the Malboro Street. Arriving at the scene, he climbed onto the roof of a fire truck and started shooting, the firemen trying to save a woman from a burning building with a child. Suddenly fire ladder on which they stood, collapsed and a woman with a little girl flew down. The woman died on the spot, and the girl survived because fell on top of the woman.
Fortman received a snapshot of the Pulitzer Prize, and in America began to move upward level of fire safety.
In a public toilet
Wash whites and sink for color. United States, North Carolina, 1950. Image copyright - American photographer Elliott Erwitt.
This is a frame from the documentary Gimlin-Patterson. October 20, 1967 two Americans - Roger Patterson (Roger Patterson) and Bob Gimlin (Bob Gimlin) - in the wooded and wild mountains of California managed to take a giant female walk "Bigfoot". The picture is so far the only clear photographic evidence of the existence of the Yeti in the land.
The photograph of the late 19th century shows the leader of an Indian tribe Hunkpapa. Illustrious warrior and an outstanding leader, Sitting Bull led the Indian tribes, who opposed resettlement on the reservation and signing unfair contracts. For over 15 years he fought against US troops from the territory belonging to the Indians. He was killed in 1890 during a firefight.
Photo Soviet cosmonaut Yuri Gagarin in space suit - the first person in the world, committed April 12, 1961 flight into space - spread around the world.
Andy Warhol said: "I do not believe in art, but I believe in the photo." The author of the world famous portraits in the style of Andy Warhol's iconic person in the history of pop art and a lot of pictures of himself posing with pleasure. One can see many photos of Andy Warhol. But this image is perhaps the most famous and recognizable, was the hallmark of the artist and designer
Malcolm Browne, 1963
The flag over the Reichstag
Eugene Chaldean 1945
Buzz Aldrin on the basis of Tranquility
Neil Armstrong, 1969
Ali vs. Liston
Neil Leifer, 1965