The highest mountains on six continents
The process of formation of mountains on Earth lasts for millions of years. They arise from the collision of huge tectonic plates that make up Earth's crust.
Today, we look at the highest mountains on six continents and see how they look on the background of the highest mountain peaks of the world - "eight-thousanders", whose altitude exceeds 8000 meters.
How many continents on Earth? Sometimes, believe that Europe and Asia - it is 2 different continents, although represents one continent:
Before you begin a story about the highest mountains on six continents, let's look at a chart of overall highest peaks on Earth.
"Eight-thousanders" - This is a common name of the 14 highest peaks of the world, whose altitude exceeds 8000 meters. All of them are in Asia. Conquest of the 14 "eight-thousanders" of the planet - the conquest of "Crown of the Earth" - is a great achievement in high-altitude mountaineering. On July 2012 it was possible to make only 30 climbers.
North America - Mount McKinley, 6194 m
This biceps highest mountain in North America, named in honor of the 25th President of the United States. Located in Alaska.
The indigenous peoples call this peak "Denali", which means "great", and during the Russian colonization of Alaska was called simply - Big Mountain.
Mount McKinley, the view from the Denali National Park:
The first ascent of the main summit of McKinley held June 7, 1913. On the slopes of the mountain are five major glaciers.
South America - Mount Aconcagua, 6962 m
This is the highest point of the Americas, South America, as well as the western and southern hemispheres. It belongs to the longest mountain chain of the world - the Andes.
The mountain is located in Argentina and in the Quechua language means "Stone Guard". "Aconcagua" - is the largest dormant volcano on the planet.
The climbing Aconcagua is considered to be technically easy mountain if exercise climbing the northern slope.
The first recorded ascent of the mountain was in 1897.
Europe - Mount Elbrus, 5642 m
This stratovolcano in the Caucasus is the highest peak of Russia. Given that the boundary between Europe and Asia is mixed, often also called Elbrus highest European mountain peak.
Elbrus - is headed to the volcano saddle. Western top has height of 5642 m, East -. 5621 m The last eruption dates back to '50 n. e ...
At the time of the eruption of Mount Elbrus, probably resembled modern eruption of Vesuvius, but were more force. Crater of the volcano eruption in the early rising for many kilometers up powerful clouds of vapor and gases, saturated black ash, covering the entire sky, turning day into night. The earth trembled from powerful aftershocks.
Nowadays, both the top of Mount Elbrus are covered with eternal snow and ice. On the slopes of Mount Elbrus in different directions 23 Glacier. The average speed of glaciers is about 0.5 meters per day.
The first successful ascent of one of the peaks of Mount Elbrus was committed in 1829. The average annual number of deaths during the ascent of Elbrus is 15-30 people.
Asia - Mount Everest, 8848 m
Everest (Qomolangma) - is the pinnacle of our world! The first height and eight-highest mountain on Earth.
The mountain is located in the Himalayas in the ridge Mahalangur Himal, the South summit (8760 m) lies on the border of Nepal and the North (main) summit (8848 m) is located on the territory of China.
Everest takes the form of three-edged pyramid. On top Dzhomolungma strong winds blowing at a speed of 200 km / h, and at night air temperature drops to -60 Celsius.
The first ascent to the summit of Everest took place in 1953. C after the first ascent to the summit until 2011, more than 200 people have died on the slopes of Mount Everest. Now climb to the top takes about 2 months - with acclimatization and installation of camps.
View from space:
The ascent to Everest - not only extremely dangerous but also expensive: the cost of climbing as a part of specialized groups of up to 65 thousand dollars, which alone permit ascent issued by the Government of Nepal, it is worth 10 thousand dollars
Australia and Oceania - Mount Puncak Jaya 4,884 m
The highest peak in Australasia, which is located on the island of New Guinea. It is located on the Australian plate and is the highest mountain in the world, located on the island.
Mount was opened in 1623 by the Dutch explorer Jan Carstens, who saw in the distance a glacier on top. Therefore, sometimes the mountain is called Carstens Pyramid.
The first ascent of Puncak Jaya, occurred only in 1962. name of the mountain from the Indonesian language translates roughly as "Victory Peak".
Antarctica - Array Vindson, 4892 m
This is the highest mountain in Antarctica. The existence of the mountain massif became known only in 1957. Since the mountains were discovered by American planes, then they got the name of Vinson Massif, in honor of the famous American politician Carl Vinson.
on Vinson Massif from space:
Africa - Mount Kilimanjaro, 5895 m
This is the highest point in Africa, a huge dormant volcano, which has two well-defined peaks in the north-east of Tanzania. In the mountains there was no documented eruptions, but local legends say about the volcanic activity of 150-200 years ago.
Higher - the top of the Kibo, almost perfect cone, has a powerful glaciation.
The name comes from the Swahili language and supposedly means "mountain that glitters".
Snow caps on top of the mountain 11 000 years since the last Ice Age, melts quickly. Over the past 100 years, the amount of snow and ice has decreased by more than 80%. It is believed that the reason for this is not a change in temperature, a reduction in the amount of snowfall.
The highest peak of Africa was first conquered by the German explorer Hans Meyer in 1889.