Giant statues of Easter Island
• The giant statues of Easter Island
In the Pacific Ocean, a distance of 2600 kilometers from the nearest inhabited island Pitkeyr, is a small piece of land, which is one of the most remote places on earth.
The indigenous people of this island called it Rapa Nui. And it is known as "Easter Island" in the world, which was due to the fact that the Dutchman Jacob Roggevenom was opened on the day of Easter Sunday in 1722.
Camaya famous mystery of Easter Island, which for hundreds of years trying to unravel the researchers - giant stone statues, the moai. These mysterious monoliths were carved from fossilized volcanic ash.
Do you like space travel and satellite images? World satellite - space technology, space exploration news, satellite navigation and much more.
On the island there are 887 articles, of which 397 are located in the immediate vicinity of the volcano Rano Raraku, in which the crater were made and all other moai.
there was also found a great many statues unfinished and abandoned tools, from which it appears that the work was thrown suddenly due to some serious disaster.
According to the results of research it was established that on the island there are two types of moai. This is the "giants" of 10 meters tall, bareheaded-farts, they are mostly on the slopes of the volcano Rano Raraku, up to their necks in sedimentary rocks.
The second type - a four-meter "dwarfs", hoisted on a pedestal-ahu along the ocean coast, in the original headdresses. They look younger than his 10-meter family, and their faces are not as long.
In addition, many theories and legends connected to the island. One of the most famous legends of the island is the one that tells us that once the island was ruled by people with long earlobes. They obeyed korotkouhie. At this time, the full power of the moai were built, ruthlessly cut down the palm forests, while the ecology of the island has not been brought to its present sorry state. Because of the active population growth soon there was absolutely nothing, not even enough wood for the production of boats began cannibalism ... In short, korotkouhie broke and overthrew elite.
The majority of scientists agree with this version of AD sunset mysterious creators of the giant stone statues. Some dare to and complement the overall picture detail. For example, it is assumed that korotkouhie commoners came from Polynesia, and the long-eared elite were travelers from South America, who arrived on the island around 800 AD, in some way for many years to seize power over the natives.
to scientifically explain even the fact abandoned tools in the crater of the volcano Rano Raraku. Scientists believe that it may just be a waste tools. And due to the fact that to produce a new stone tools much easier than sharpen old, ancient masters be disposed of his ax. Here and collect them for hundreds of years fairly.
A statue remained unfinished because of the cutting down of a relatively soft volcanic tuff, master bumped into a solid rock, to overcome that they were not under force.
, however, still remains a mystery to all, as the delivered stone giants in the right place? The locals in this regard do not express any versions, except that there were statues themselves. In their language even has a word that means slow movement without the help of the feet. But what they had in mind - is unknown.
Later came the theory of motion of vertical rotation waddle. So even handle heavy drums and cylinders. Successfully conducted field tests of this method everything in its place: with ropes and wooden levers short moai confident "step" forward.
However, there are another one, the most incredible version. Its adherents believe that Easter Island was once part of the legendary Lemuria and with it disappeared into the depths of the ocean.
After many centuries, as a result of some natural disaster, an ancient volcano with a 10-meter moai on its slopes appeared above the water again. And the first settlers of the island, trying to recreate the giant idols, on the neck gone into sedimentary rocks, began to cut a 4-foot "dwarfs".