Brazil today

Getty Images agency commissioned an unusual assignment photographer Mario Tama (Mario Tama). The task was to create several photo reports about Brazil on the eve of the UN Conference on Sustainable Development "Rio + 20".

Brazil today

The main goal of the upcoming summit - is the search for solutions to environmental problems in Brazil, which for many years are present here, as well as the celebration of the 20th anniversary of the "Earth Summit" held in Rio de Janeiro in 1992.

Now the economy of Brazil occupies the sixth position in the ranking of the largest economies in the world. In addition, Brazil is ready to accept the 2014 FIFA World Cup and the Summer Olympics in 2016.

In his photo essay by Mario Tama tells about the people, culture and economic development of Brazil.

Brazil today

A man rides a bike, watching a truck that illegally transporting illegally felled timber, on a road near indigenous lands in the Amazon protected reserve "Arariboia Indigenous Reserve" in the state of Maranhão, Brazil, June 10, 2012.

On the territory of the reserve inhabited by people from the tribe Guazhazhara, they argue that the forest reserve loggers destroyed illegally, who have killed their fellow tribesman when he tried to stop them. Now in the Brazilian Amazon is home to over 20 million people. Deforestation, agriculture and mining, dam construction and illegal land speculation, including the appropriation of forest and indigenous lands is a major detrimental factor for the nature of the Brazilian Amazon.

Brazil today

The federal highway BR-222 in the state of Pará, Brazil, June 9, 2012.

Deforestation has increased significantly when the road construction began in the rain forests of the Amazon. Since 2004, rampant deforestation decreased by 80%. However, environmentalists fear that the recent changes made to the Forest Code in Brazil, will contribute to the further destruction of the forest. Man has destroyed about 20% of Earth's rain forests.

Brazil today

A lonely tree stands on deforested area of ​​the Amazon rain forest in the state of Pará, Brazil, June 9, 2012.

In Brazil is concentrated about 60% of the Amazon rain forest, they emit 20% of all the oxygen on Earth. The rapid economic development is accompanied by the destruction of the Brazilian Amazon.

Brazil today

to transport illegal timber truck broke down on the road near the protected lands of indigenous peoples in Brazil reserve "Arariboia Indigenous Reserve" in the state of Maranhao, June 10, 2012.

Disappointing results were obtained from the National Institute for Space Research, which monitors deforestation by satellite: Reserve has lost 242 square kilometers of forest. The Brazilian government released data that in the period from 1987 to 2011 in protected reserves in the State of Maranhão were cut 1, 1 million hectares of forest.

Brazil today

One use of illegally harvested timber is a production of charcoal. Worker puts the wood into the furnace for the production of charcoal in the municipality of Rondon do Pará, Brazil, June 8, 2012. The organization "Greenpeace" has recently conducted a survey, the results of which became known that the illegally produced charcoal is used mainly on the production of pig iron plants. In turn, the iron produces steel, which is used for the needs of the industry, including the production of cars in the USA.

Brazil today

The workers are ready to ship timber illegally extracted in the rain forests of the Amazon, in the municipality of Rondon do Pará, June 8, 2012.

Brazil today

Work carries basket of charcoal, which is derived from wood in the municipality of Rondon do Pará, Brazil, June 8, 2012.

Brazil today

Work stopped to rest during the loading of charcoal in the municipality of Rondon do Pará, June 8, 2012.

Brazil today

The charcoal produced from wood illegally extracted in the Amazon rain forest in the municipality of Rondon do Pará, June 8, 2012.

Brazil today

The workers loaded charcoal, climbing the stairs to the truck. Brazil, June 8, 2012.

Brazil today

The working up the stairs with a basket of charcoal, which is derived from wood illegally extracted in the Amazon rain forest in the municipality of Rondon do Pará, Brazil, June 8, 2012.

Brazil today

The back coat coal dust.

Brazil today

A lonely tree standing in a deforested area of ​​the Amazon rain forest in the state of Pará, Brazil, June 11, 2012.

Brazil today

Bicycle and motorcycle riding on the bridge near the deforested area of ​​the Amazon rain forest in the state of Pará, Brazil, June 11, 2012.

Brazil today

Celebrations Christian feast of the Body and Blood of Christ in Belém, Brazil, June 7, 2012.

Belém is considered the gateway to the Amazon, and already more than 300 years of arriving ships unload their goods at the Ver-o-Peso market, historic. Belen - the main international port of the Amazon with a population of over 2 million people.

Brazil today

The Christians are dancing in the streets in celebration of the Body and Blood of Christ in Belém, Brazil, June 7, 2012.

Brazil today

The Christians celebrate the feast of the Body and Blood of Christ in Belém, Brazil, June 7, 2012.

Brazil today

Catholic nuns celebrate the Body and Blood of Christ in Belene, June 7, 2012.

Brazil today

In Brazil, home to the largest number of Catholics in the world. Catholicism is the main religion in Brazil since the beginning of the 16th century.

Brazil today

The people of the tribe Guazhazhara near a TV screen watching a football match closely in his village, which is located in the nature reserve "Arariboia Indigenous Reserve" in the state of Maranhão, Brazil, June 10, 2012.

Brazil today

The people of the tribe Guazhazhara gathered in the village in the protected indigenous lands in the Amazon reserve "Arariboia Indigenous Reserve", June 10, 2012.

Brazil today

Drugs made from Amazonian herbs sold at the historic market Ver-o-peso in Belém, Brazil, June 7, 2012.

Belém is considered the gateway to the Amazon, and already more than 300 years of arriving ships deliver their goods across the historic market Ver-o-Peso.

Brazil today

The workers unload baskets of berries Acai on the historic market Ver-o-Peso in Belem, Brazil, on the dawn of June 6, 2012.

Brazil today

Fish caught in the Amazon River, is sold on the Ver-o-Peso market in the historic Belem, Brazil, June 6, 2012.

Brazil today

Fisherman shifts coolers that are used to store fish at the pier on the historic market Ver-o-Peso in Belem, Brazil, June 6, 2012.

Brazil today

The workers unloaded the boat with the goods. June 7, 2012.

Brazil today

The workers are resting in the water near the market Ver-o-Peso in Belem. June 6, 2012.

Brazil today

A worker cuts the Amazonian flowers and plants on the Ver-o-Peso in Belem.

Brazil today

Fish Market ranks Ver-o-Peso. June 6, 2012.

Fishermen and others who make a living fishing in the Amazon, faced with a mass of environmental hazards, such as: pollution of mining waste and agricultural runoff and siltation of water as a result of deforestation.

The name "Ver-o-Peso" means "find out the weight," and comes from the custom of the mandatory weighing of goods that are taxed in favor of the Portuguese crown.

Children relaxing on board the family fishing boat moored near the historic market Ver-o-Peso in Belem, Brazil, June 7, 2012.