Successful women INVENTION
A large number of inventions devised by women are very simple and are practical. Often this invention that increase the comfort of life or simply aimed at making a woman more beautiful.
However, women belong to major invention in the field of physics, chemistry and biology. It can coerce their great creative ideas. For example, the peace of the world - in the case of Hedy Lamarr, to come up with a secret means of communication, to turn later in Wi-Fi.
The baby carrier
In the 60 years Ann Moore worked as a pediatrician in Togo as part of the Peace Corps. Get it at the reception was not easy, because the queues of African women, which she enlightened on the subject of how to care for children, swaddle, doing gymnastics, what vitamins they give. However, some things she herself had learned from them. For example, carry the baby, wrapped in a cloth on the back or neck, so that he felt the closeness with his mother, grew calm and healthy, and therefore did not need so many western medicines.
Back home in the United States, Anne gave birth to a girl. She decided not to carry the child in a wheelchair and wearing the manner of African mothers - in a kangaroo. However, Moore has upgraded it to make it more comfortable to wear baby, and excluded the possibility of slipping. She created a bag that looked like a backpack and chalk reliable back. The child can be worn on both the front and rear. Anne invention patented in 1969. "I do not consider myself an inventor, entrepreneur soon. I just put on the Western market is what Africa knows many centuries "- Anne-modest.
Robot vacuum cleaner iRobot
the ROOMBA robot cleaner, round and small, can independently move around the room, collect dust and dirt. Indeed, why go for a vacuum cleaner, if he is able to move on their own ?! And besides, obedient and disciplined - after cleaning returned to the charger. Hostess can only clean the dust bag and remove the dirt in hard to reach places. The vacuum cleaner was invented not so long ago, in 2002, a team of engineers led by Helen Groener, president and co-founder of iRobot Corporation. As a child, Helen saw the film "Star Wars" and imbued with robotics. "My favorite character was R2-D2 - astromech droid, which more than once saved the main characters in difficult situations and repairing spaceships. I never looked at it just as a machine, he was alive for me - cute and funny character, "- she said. Funny Tubby fantasy android inspired Helen to enroll at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT): she studied there a science, technology and computers. "I decided not to engage in military robots, and household purposes," - says Helen. Peaceful purpose Groener confirms the very name of the corporation - iRobot. It is borrowed from the science fiction writer Isaac Asimov, who wrote the short story collection "I, robot". His robots guided by the following principles: 1) not to cause harm to humans, 2) to obey his instructions, 3) to defend its existence, unless it contradicts the above two points.
The prototype of Wi-Fi
In 1941, Hedy Lamarr patented a means of communication, which was secret and dynamically change the broadcasting frequency. This device was used in the American torpedoes in 1962, and later, in 1991, formed the basis of Wi-Fi. Green-life Headey (real name - Hedwig Kiesler) there was not, as the fate of the majority of women in physics. In 20 years, she starred in the acclaimed film "Ecstasy". For the first time in the history of cinema audience was shown a scene of naked bathing in a forest lake. The film is banned in some countries, and to bring back a good reputation, Hedy almost immediately married a weapons manufacturer - Austrian millionaire Fritz Mandla. The role of a housewife bored quick Headey, she began to accompany her husband in negotiations: start to delve into the case, interested in plant operation and finally embarked on the physics experiments, which later helped her invention. After four years of experience and am sick of Kiesler husband, she takes a new name Hedy Lamarr and runs away from his native Austria in Hollywood. New career round takes place rapidly. On filming the actress earned about $ 30 million at the beginning of the Second World War, instead of sighing, or at least encourage the spirit of the American army, Hedy Lamarr sent in the "National Council of inventors' US his invention -. Technology interference-free broadcast. Any remuneration actress did not take: all the work she has done from personal motives - to fight against fascism.
Patricia Billings studied at the College of Amarillo in Texas and wanted to become a sculptor. However, her disappointment knew no bounds when the plaster swan, over which she had worked for several months crumbled and turned into white sand. Billings knew what the problem was. Experience sculptors was whether to use cement additives, as Michelangelo in the Renaissance, and not just a girl's frivolous to think about grace carved feathers on the wings. What happened, she took it as a challenge to fate and closed for eight years in the studio-basement. There she worked experimented until he invented a silicone. Not only that the new material turned out to be incredibly durable, it was also resistant to fire.
As a child, Patricia wanted to be remembered by posterity as a great sculptor. What is conceived almost true. Today Patricia Billings is known all over the world - not only as a man of art, but as an inquisitive inventor.
Plate for heating Bacon Maker ham
The youngest inventor Abigail Fleck: eight years old girl left with her father, who took her to warm up the ham in the microwave. Paper towels needed for them dripping fat from ham, finished, go to the store for new did not want to, so my father decided to wrap the product in newspaper and put the heat up. Mom caught them for cooking, was indignant. Newspapers with their printed letters - it's so bad ?! But do not put the paper even more harmful, the same fat ... So Abigail with his father came up with a special plate with the handle, on which are mounted three perches. Now the paper was not needed, should hang pieces of ham on these perches. It turned out very well and carefully. Fat dripping into a bowl, where it can be simply discarded. Hard to believe, but the invention created a furor. In 1994, People magazine wrote about Bacon Maker how about the best invention in the household. Abigail Fleck invited to the famous shows with David Letterman and Oprah Winfrey.
A scientist of Polish origin Stephanie Louise Kwolek lifetime studied chemistry at DuPont, the world's largest chemical company. In 1964, in anticipation of an oil shortage, it the company began to look for a light, but strong fiber that could be used in tires. New fiber, opened in 1971, was five times stronger than steel and flexible as nylon. This was the Kevlar.
The invention has saved thousands of lives since formed the basis of bulletproof vests. In 1986 Kwolek retired as research officer of DuPont. But things are not thrown - she still advises the company, and another member of the National Research Council and National Academy of Sciences. In total, she received about 28 patents for his inventions. By the way, in 1995 Kwolek became the fourth woman who was admitted to the "National Inventors Hall of Fame."
Fabrics made from colored cotton
Colored cotton was grown around 2700 BC in Peru, Egypt and India. But then the process came to nothing - to work with short colored cotton fibers was difficult. Industrialists prefer to grow cotton white and then paint it - so it was cheaper. But Sally Fox was not afraid to revive the old method - bought a plot of land and sowed it with colored cotton. Entrepreneurs managed to grow such plants, which are allowed to carry out machining. Today at Fox tissue line includes: brown "New Brown" red-brown "Coyote" milk chocolate "Buffalo" green "Palo Verde" and others. Especially cotton was in demand in the segment of children's clothing. If in 1988 in the US was only one acre of land, this eco-friendly cotton sown, now in the world of its area is 5000 hectares of plantations. The most famous brands use it Levi's, Land's End, L.L. Bean.
A method to improve your photos using radioactive materials
Barbara Askins completed university studies and earned a master's degree in chemistry only after her two children grew up and went to school. Brilliant results of final exams have become her ticket to a job at NASA. There she took up the development of astronomical and geological photos. In 1978, Barbara has patented a "method of photo enhancement with the help of radioactive material." Its discovery has been so popular that soon went beyond NASA and was used in X-ray technology, as well as in the restoration of old photographs. For her work, she was named "National Inventor of the Year" and was the first woman who won the award alone.
the first black doll launched into mass production in 1969. Her name was Christy and she was friends with Barbie. He came up with a doll Ruth Handler, co-founder of Mattel, which has established ten years earlier and very Barbie. The invention consists in the fact that the doll was an "adult", but designed for little girls. Ruth guessed the young ladies need to get acquainted with an attractive world of adults where they wear bikinis and evening dresses, as well as go to work and go on vacation. In 1966, after the exit from Vogue the first black model on the cover Doniale Moon, Ruth guessed again that the market needs. The girls like to play dress up and black dolls. Barbie, who, according to legend, works as a model, badly in need of a black friend - and was born Christie. Doll contributed to the liberalization of the views of several generations.