New species discovered in 2012
• New species discovered
Sneezing monkey, blue tarantula and orchid that blooms only at night - all of these types are the first in the list of most important discoveries of the year. Total in 2012 discovered more than 200 species of animals and plants. Every year, a similar list of nominees published by the International Institute for the Study kinds of Arizona State University in the US.
Sneezing monkey, or Rhinopithecus strykeri. This interesting species of monkeys was accidentally discovered by scientists during a research population of gibbons in the mountains of Burma. It was found that the snub-nosed monkey is threatened with extinction, because this kind needs to be protected and protection. Unusual features of this type of monkeys is a white beard, a peculiar form of the nose, as well as the most unusual feature - in the rain, the animal begins to desperately sneezing. The Latin name for this kind of Rhinopithecus strykeri monkeys received after Yona Strukera, founder of the Arcus Foundation who supported the expedition of scientists who discovered a new species of primate.
It sazima Tarantula - spider that has a hairy and bright blue color, he lives in South America. Blue tarantula, or Pterinopeima sazimai usual in gentle hills in a remote area of eastern Brazil.
The microscopic worm of the Devil - one of this year's most unusual discoveries. Its size - only half a millimeter. And it resides is at a depth of 1, 3 kilometers, or 0, 8 miles on gold mine in South Africa, where the temperature reaches 37 degrees Celsius. This is a multicellular organism that lives in the greatest depth of all species inhabiting the Earth. It was named in honor of Halicephalobus mephisto Mephisto is called the devil out of the legend of Faust.
Orchid, a feature which is blooming in the night, called "Bulbophyllum nocturnum". It was discovered by scientists from the Royal Botanic Gardens at Kew in the territory of Papua New Guinea. The flowers of this orchid are amazing its regime of the day, or rather night - they open up about ten o'clock in the morning and close early. And the flower blossoms and blooms only one night, and then wither.
Bright colorful jellyfish Bonera is very poisonous. I found it not far from islands in the Caribbean Boehner. Its scientific name sounds like Tamoya ohboya. This jellyfish is not only amazingly beautiful, but deadly poisonous.
The parasitic wasp, scientific name - Kollasmosoma sentum. It reproduces quite unusual way - when they bite makes the "injection" of their eggs ants, so that the larvae develop in the ant's body.
The fungus SpongeBob SquarePants was named in honor of the popular cartoon character. The fungus has been found in the National Park Lambir Hills National Park, located in Sarawak, Malaysia, the northern part of Borneo. Its scientific name - Spongiforma squarepantsii.
This is an extinct insect was called "walking cactus". This is a direct ancestor of modern arthropods. "Walking Cactus" has a soft worm-like body, and ten pairs of legs, with the joints and appendages covered and solid chitinous armor.
This is a giant centipede (Crurifarcimen vagans), the dimensions of which reach the size of a ring of sausage.
Nepali poppy (Meconopsis autumnalis) yellow blooms in the fall during the season of tropical rains. Vstertit it can only be in the Himalayas, at high altitude, in an area where almost no tourists wander.