Tour of the legendary Baikonur Cosmodrome
• the legendary Baikonur Spaceport Tour
The cosmodrome "Baikonur" is located on the territory of Kazakhstan and is the first and largest cosmodrome in the world. More than half of the world's space launches took place here. And when the program eliminated American "shuttles", Russia was the only country in the world to send people into space.
The construction of "Baikonur" was launched February 12, 1955 and was fully completed in 1957. However, after the collapse of the Soviet Union in the early 1990s he moved the Baikonur Cosmodrome in Kazakhstan, and now leased by Russia until 2050. In the photo: the crew of the last expedition to the ISS, which was launched from Baikonur on May 15, 2012. From left to right: US astronaut Joseph Acaba, Russian cosmonaut Gennady Padalka and Sergei Revin.
By the spaceport and adjacent More Star City - a village 25 km from Moscow. The official name - "Cosmonaut Training Center Gagarin". The main task of the center: training astronauts to fly into space. Most residents of Star City - it is the astronauts and their families, as well as scientists and engineers.
One of the most famous and mandatory inspections astronauts - a test of the centrifuge. It should show how people cope with congestion arising at the start and landing.
Training, education and other training activities are taking place at Baikonur. In the photo: Sergei Revin - a member of the last expedition to the ISS passes training in the spacecraft Soyuz at Baikonur, May 3, 2012.
cosmonaut training consists of a variety of tests. One such event is a capsule spacecraft "Soyuz", which is located in a forest near Star City near Moscow. January 31, 2012 worked out an emergency landing in the forest and marshland.
This exercise extreme landing in the winter forest near Star City. Cosmonauts Pavel Vinogradov (left), Alexander Misurkin (right) and US astronaut Christopher Cassidy learn to survive in harsh conditions. So trained to fly to the ISS in April 2012.
Located spaceport and all adjoining objects in the vast territory, the area of which 6717 square meters. km. Photo from orbit, June 17, 2009.
The territory of Baikonur are 11 assembly and testing facility, which posted a 34 complexes for prelaunch missiles and spacecraft. In the photo: the preparation of the spacecraft "Soyuz TMA-20", 9 December 2010.
This is an installation of the ship "Progress" in the hangar at Baikonur, December 20, 2011.
Baikonur has 9 types of launch facilities, 470 km of railways and highways 1280 km. Spacecraft to the launch pad are delivered by special train.
The ship "Soyuz TMA-19" is transported to one of the launch pads Baikonur cosmodrome, June 13, 2010.
Set "Soyuz TMA-13" on the launch pad Baikonur cosmodrome, October 10, 2008.
In recent years, practiced tradition - the consecration of the rocket.
In 2009, 24 rockets were launched from the Baikonur Cosmodrome. This is more than all US space centers and 75% of the Russian number of launches for the year, as well as 32% of the global total. Before the start of the spacecraft all try to climb higher. Baikonur, October 10, 2009.
Start carrier rocket "Soyuz-FG" with "Soyuz TMA-21", on April 5, 2011. Slow shutter speed when shooting allows you to see the trail of the rocket and star tracks.
The basin is the layout of the International Space Station, where he spent training before the flight to the ISS. Star City outside Moscow, February 18, 2011.
Russian cosmonaut Gennady Padalka in training at Star City, on June 29, 2011. A May 15, 2012 as part of Expedition 31, he went to the ISS.
This training astronauts from the Japanese space agency. Star City, Russia, January 23, 2012.
In addition, the Star City cosmonaut and fulfill the most complex emergencies.
Training on a swivel chair in Star City focused on the vestibular apparatus to smooth the adverse impact in the period of adaptation to weightlessness, February 4, 2009.
Training and development of actions during an emergency landing on the water surface, August 18, 2011.
Russian cosmonaut Sergei Volkov (son of Alexander Volkov, the world's first cosmonaut in the second generation) is under observation in the chamber of Star City, on April 6, 2011. The pressure chamber man must himself feel the way he feels at different heights. Various sensors take readings of pressure and heartbeat.
Before the start of all crew members lodge in hotel "Cosmonaut" and the sign on the door of your room is another local tradition. Baikonur, May 15, 2012.
At the launch site Baikonur Cosmodrome is delivered to the carrier rocket "Proton-M" to launch the Canadian spacecraft "Nimiq-6", 14 May 2012.
Ship Handling "Soyuz TMA-22" to the launch pad at the Baikonur Cosmodrome on a special train, November 11, 2011.
Picture taken with a slow shutter speed, so it can be seen on the tracks supporting missile towers, travel around to the side before the launch at Baikonur cosmodrome, October 8, 2010.
The beautiful ship launch "Soyuz TMA-04M" from the Baikonur Cosmodrome, May 15, 2012.
Start carrier rocket "Soyuz-FG" with the spacecraft "Soyuz TMA-02M", 8 June 2011.
"Soyuz TMA-16" approaches the ISS for docking, October 2, 2009.
The helicopter prepares to meet astronauts, landing in the descent capsule "Soyuz TMA-02M" near the town of Arkalyk in northern Kazakhstan, November 22, 2011.
The descent module of the manned spacecraft "Soyuz TMA-21" landed in Kazakhstan, September 16, 2011.
Landing descent vehicle "Soyuz TMA-22" in Kazakhstan, April 27, 2012.
Meeting landed descent vehicle "Soyuz TMA-02M" near the town of Arkalyk in Kazakhstan, November 22, 2011.
The lander "Soyuz". Arkalyk, Kazakhstan, November 22, 2011.
Return to Earth. Inside the descent capsule, American astronaut Daniel Burbank and Russian cosmonauts Anton Shkaplerov and Anatoly Ivanishin. April 27, 2012.
Star tracks, shot with an exposure of 10-15 minutes, with the International Space Station. Distance from Earth - about 240 km, 22 March 2012.
The composition of the 47 photos taken with a long exposure. In the photo: the stellar tracks research module MRM1 (center) and docked to the ISS Russian ship "Progress", March 17, 2012.
Star tracks, the Earth and its atmosphere. The composition of the 18 pictures with long exposure taken with the International Space Station, March 16, 2012.