Crazy stories of mad scientists
Usually we perceive scientists as people who are engaged in a noble cause in the name of good in the world. These people contribute to technological progress, improving our society ... But is this always the case? The answer to this question you will find in this article about mad scientists, no less crazy stories associated with them.
People with unstable mentality is better to refrain from reading this material.
Vladimir Demihov: surgeon, transplant the dog a second head
In 1954, Soviet surgeon Vladimir Demihov, introduced the world to his masterpiece: a two-headed dog. Head, neck and front paws puppy transplanted on the neck of adult German Shepherd. The second head was trying to lap milk, but it has flowed through the channel cut the esophagus. Although this establishment soon died because of tissue rejection, over the next 15 years Demihov 19 more times repeated experiment.
Stubbins Firf: Doctor drinking vomiting
In the early 19th century doctor from Philadelphia, Stubbins Firf put forward the theory that yellow fever is not contagious, and for some time to test hypotheses on itself. First he poured vomiting, resulting from yellow fever patients, open wounds, then drank the vomit. He did not become infected despite the fact that yellow fever is still contagious: scientists later found that infection occurs through blood, usually through a mosquito bite.
Josef Mengele: the Angel of Death
Josef Mengele - one of the SS physicians who supervised the selection of prisoners, and determined who should be killed, and whom he sent to a camp for forced labor and experiments. Among the prisoners, he was known as the "Angel of Death". At Auschwitz, Mengele held a number of twin studies. At the end of the experiment the twins, as a rule, were killed and their bodies dismembered. He led the operation, during which were sewn together two Gypsy boys to create Siamese twins. Children's hands were heavily contaminated areas in the resection of the blood vessels. Mengele regularly took blood of identical twins on the analysis. It is known that some of it brought in this way to death.
"I can not believe that Mengele believed their experiments serious research, because of the negligence with which he worked. He just used this power to him. Mengele was a butcher - most of the operations were carried out without anesthetic. Once I witnessed a stomach operation - Mengele removed part of the stomach, but without anesthesia. On another occasion, the heart was removed, again without anesthesia. It was monstrous. Mengele was obsessed with power. No one had ever asked him - why this man died? From what he died? People do not consider. He believed that doing everything in the name of science. In fact, it was madness, "- says a former Auschwitz prisoner Alex Dekel.
Johann Conrad Dippel - a prototype of Dr. Frankenstein
Johann Conrad Dippel, a mad scientist, was actually born in castle Frankenstein in 1673 near Darmstadt, Germany. It is believed that he was the prototype of the main character in the novel by Mary Shelley's "Frankenstein", though this version remains controversial.
After studying theology, philosophy and alchemy, he created an oil that was supposed to be a dream of the alchemists - the elixir of immortality. It consisted of blood, bones and other animal parts. Among his numerous works on anatomy were such experiments as boiling human body parts in a huge vat in order to create an artificial being, as well as the attempt to move the soul from one body to another, using a funnel, hose and lubricant.
Giovanni Aldini: Electric Dance
Aldini was the nephew of Luigi Galvani. His uncle, the Italian anatomy professor, discovered the phenomenon of galvanism, when he discovered that electrical discharges cause twitching dead frog's leg. Aldini continued experiments and tests conducted on the corpses. He drew the attention of the general public experiment on the body of an executed murderer George Forster. Aldini summarized contacts the carcass, after which the body blank in a repulsive dance. When he connected wire-to-face, it writhed in horrible grimaces, his left eye open, as if he wanted to look at his teacher. Some audience members were afraid that the perpetrator actually come to life, and then have to execute it again. One man was so shocked that shortly after the end of "representation" has died.
This is how it was described by Aldini experience, one of his contemporaries: "Restore heavy convulsive breathing; his eyes opened again, lips moving and the killer's face, without being subject to any control over instinct was to pose such a strange grimaces that one of the assistants of the lost feelings of terror and for several days suffering from a real mental disorder. "
Sergei Bryukhonenko: the creator of the living heads
Ahead of Vladimir Demikhova, Bryukhonenko wild experiments conducted on dogs, which contributed to the development of medicine in the field of open-heart surgery. He created a primitive heart-lung machine called avtozhektor (apparatus maintaining activity of the heart and lungs). With this device, able to maintain the head Brukhonenko dogs, excised from the body alive.
In 1928, he showed one of these goals. To prove that the head lying on the table alive, he showed how it reacts to stimuli. Bryukhonenko hit the table with a hammer, and the head flinched. He shone in her eyes, and the eyes blinked. He even fed the head a piece of cheese, which immediately jumped out of the esophagus canal, causing disgust public.
Andrew Ure: Scottish butcher
The Scottish physician Andrew Ure, despite his many achievements, is known for performing four runs over the body of Matthew Klaydesdeylom November 4, 1818. The first experience was to neck excision and removal of the vertebra. Then he was made an incision in the left thigh and heel. Two electrical wires were connected to the neck and thigh, which caused severe uncontrollable seizures. Then one of the wires were led to the heel receiving discharge power from the left leg kicked assistant. The second experiment made the diaphragm Klaydesdeyla shrink, as if he was breathing again.
Ure said that blood Klaydesdeyla not curled, and his neck is broken by hanging. He was sure that he would be able to return the body to life. The third experiment showed unusual mimic reaction after Ure made an incision on the forehead Klaydesdeyla. When brought to face Klaydesdeyla contacts, it reflected the emotions of anger, fear, despair, longing, and there was a hideous distorted smile. Facial expression so shocked the audience that one doctor who does not have weak stomach, immediately left the room. The final experiment suggested revival Klaydesdeyla. The incision made on the index finger. Once the current has been let down, the dead man raised his hand and pointed at the people in the room. Many have been in indescribable horror.
Shiro Ishii: real doctor evil
Ishii was a microbiologist and the lieutenant-general of the military division of the biological 731 Japanese Imperial Army during the Second Sino-Japanese War. He was born in the village of Shibayama in Chiba Prefecture, he studied medicine at the Imperial University of Kyoto. In 1932, he began to conduct experiments in a secret project for the Japanese military. In 1936 it was formed unit 731. Outside of the Chinese city of Harbin Ishii built a huge complex of 150 buildings with a total area of 6 square kilometers.
Among his achievements: vivisection of living people (including pregnant women who were impregnated doctor his laboratory), amputation of prisoners and attempts to swap them, frostbite and rewarming parts prisoners of the body for the study of the flow of gangrene, test grenades and flamethrowers to live people. Prisoners infected with viruses and diseases in order to study their effects on the body. To observe the effects of sexually transmitted diseases are running male and female prisoners forcibly infected with syphilis and gonorrhea. Thanks to the immunity which he gave the American Peacekeeping Army, Shiro Ishii has not spent a single day in prison and died at the age of 67 from throat cancer.
Kevin Warwick: The first human-cyborg
Kevin Warwick, a British scientist and professor of cybernetics, is so passionate about the study of robots that tried to be the first human-cyborg. In 1998, a primitive RFID transmitter was implanted under the skin of Warwick, it can be used to control the operation of doors, lights, heaters, and other devices with computer control. The main purpose of the experiment was to test the susceptibility of the organism and the accessibility of the signal from the chip. In 2002, a more complex neural device implanted into his nervous system to gain access to the nerve signals. The experiment was a success: the signal was sufficiently clear that the mechanical arm can simulate the movement of Warwick hands.
Later was held widely publicized experiment special chips implanted into the body of Warwick and his wife, they have had to create the effect of telepathy or empathy. For signal transmission in the region used by the Internet. The experience was a success: it was first established exclusively electronic communication between the nervous systems of two humans. Research in the field of cybernetics Warwick continued.