Soft drinks and fruit juices increase the risk of premature death

Most of you know that sweet drinks are not very good for health, but new research suggests that fruit juices are not much better. Moreover, their regular use can shorten your life. "Older people who drink more sugary drinks, including fruit juices and carbonated soft drinks and other sugar-sweetened beverages may be at risk of early death," said study author Gene Welch, professor of the medical faculty at Emory University in Atlanta.

Soft drinks and fruit juices increase the risk of premature death

How much is actually useful fruit juices?

"Attempts to reduce the consumption of carbonated soft drinks and other sweetened beverages should also include fruit juices and affect both adults and children," says Welch.

In order to study Welsh and her colleagues collected data on 13,440 men and women, average age 64, who were part of a larger study of stroke from 2003 to 2007. Among these 71% of the participants were obese or overweight.

Participants questioned how many sweetened drinks they consume. on average, 1168 died in six years. Researchers found that those who drank the most sugary drinks - including 100% fruit juice - had elevated odds of dying during the study, compared with those who drank less. Each additional liter of the beverage increased risk is even greater.

"Most people know that soda and other sugar-sweetened beverages, including soft drinks, fruit punch, and energy drinks are associated with weight gain and adverse health effects. But fruit juice is still widely perceived by many as a more healthful option, "the scientists say.

Studies have shown that sugar-sweetened beverages is associated with an increased risk of developing diabetes, heart disease and obesity. But in the case of fruit juices, the evidence is less clear. Whole juices contain nutrients that may be beneficial to health, but also contain a relatively high amount of sugar from natural sources. And if fruit juice is associated with an increased risk of developing diabetes and heart disease, whole fruits - no. Scientists recommend to drink no more than 100-170 ml of juice per day.

The work was published on May 17 in JAMA Network Open.

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