Russia will create a spaceship "Soyuz" for missions to the Moon
Russia will create a modified version of the spaceship "Soyuz-MS", which will be used for missions to the moon. The head of "Roskosmos" Dmitry Rogozin said in early January that the American colleagues from NASA asked the Russian side to create a suitable vehicle for missions to Earth's satellite. "Roskosmos" decided to develop, according to RIA Novosti, however, it will be carried out without the financial participation of the American side.
The fact that the use of "Clubs" for manned missions to the moon, will not be ready until a new spacecraft "Federation", the head of the Russian state corporation reported last summer.
In an interview to Russia-24 Rogozin he said that "Roskosmos" made the final decision to restore the lunar program.
"In 2021, we send the first spacecraft to the moon. The following devices - "Luna-25", "Luna-26", "Luna-27" - will fly, respectively, in 23-25 years. In particular it will be working out of technology of planting and taking off from the lunar surface ", - said the head of" Roskosmos ".
As far as the information agency RIA Novosti, the creation of the "Moon", "Union" modification would require a whole range of works. So, it is necessary to develop a new upper stage, able to send a new ship to the moon. In addition, the need to create a new thermal protection system. Without it, the device will not be able to go back into the earth's atmosphere, slowing from the second cosmic velocity (11, 2 kilometers per second). It needs to re-elaborate electronics and ship power system, communications systems and life support systems. It is also planned installation star sensors, manual control systems, evaporator systems, additional motors and cylinders with oxygen. According to preliminary estimates, the catechumens also in 2017, the cost of the "Union" by modifying the lunar program could reach $ 500 million. It is true then it was only on the device for the preparation of satellite overflight, but not of his landing on the surface.
According to earlier to the agency TASS that link to its source in the space industry, "Roskosmos" and RSC "Energia" has engaged in study of the concept of a new transport system for manned missions to orbit the moon. The ship is scheduled to send a satellite to orbit the ISS. It will consist of a special version of the ship "MS Union" and the upper stage.
Who will get to the moon first? Russia, the United States and China, which, recall, recently announced plans for the development of the Earth's satellite. Share your opinion in our Telegram-chat.