Lockheed Martin has shown, where the astronauts will live in the missions in deep space
The massive cylindrical housing can once shelter four astronauts sent into deep space. Lockheed Martin has shown might look like such dwellings, on Thursday in the Space Center. Kennedy, where the aerospace giant contract with NASA is developing prototypes of residential environments. Lockheed - one of six contractors (including Boeing, Sierra Nevada Space Systems, Orbital ATK, NanoRacks and Bigelow Aerospace), which received a total of $ 65 million from NASA for the construction of a residential prototype by year's end. Then the agency will examine the proposals in order to gain a better understanding of the system and interfaces, which we will need to live in deep space.
Lockheed design uses a multi-purpose logistics module Donatello, the updated module era of space shuttles, which was once intended for the transportation of cargo to the International Space Station. But Donatello never sent into space, and now transformed into a module prototype Lockheed.
Where the astronauts will live?
A cylindrical capsule width of approximately 5 and 7 meters long, with a small size bus. But four astronauts who will live in it 30 or 60 days, it will be cramped. The capsule is designed to accommodate scientific racks, life support systems, sleep stations, simulators and robotic workstations, says Bill Pratt, program manager.
"Imagine a trailer in deep space," he says. "When you're in a trailer, your table becomes your bed, and things are constantly moving, so you need to use the space efficiently. We've been working on it. "
The command used augmented reality headsets that impose real hardware using simulation to render a capsule. This saves time and helps Lockheed catch errors early.
Another saving measure: the reuse of Donatello.
"We want to get to the moon and Mars as fast as possible, and we think that we have a lot of tools to implement it," said Pratt, adding that the conversion of materials has become a big topic in the Lockheed.
The very habitat is part of a larger mission to deliver crews to the moon and Mars. The final version of the capsule will be attached to the Deep Space Gateway, spaceport, which will revolve around the moon and serve as a starting point for missions to study the cosmos.
Astronauts will fly to deep space designed for, but not yet finished spacecraft 'Orion', using the Space Launch System, which NASA considers "the most powerful rocket" in history. Gateway will be much smaller than the 450-ton International Space Station. The 75 tonnes fit housing, gateway, propulsion module, docking port and energy hub. Work on the 'Orion' is, and it is expected that the unmanned mission to the Moon's orbit (Eploration Mission-1) will be implemented by 2020. Exploration Mission-2, which will bring the crew of the lunar orbit, scheduled for mid-2022.
The Comic Center. Kennedy is now placed on the heat shields "Orion". The development of the spacecraft is in 2004. A long development time largely due to the demands of the spacecraft to enter into deep space and harsh conditions, with whom he will face in the course of the 1000-day trip to Mars. For example, NASA requires crew module "Orion" zero had welding defects, while even in the "Apollo" allowed a certain number of defects per inch.
"This infrastructure for sustainable space exploration forces of people, so you need to consider every scenario that may arise. That is why the requirements are so strict, "says Lisa Callahan, vice president and general manager of Lockheed Martin Civil programs business unit.
Lockheed is now preparing to enter the final straight. Next month, the European Space Agency will present a European service module, which will be below the crew module in the "Orion", and with it begins the final stage of development.